Haiti

Haiti: IOM Appeal Haiti/ Hurricane Matthew (9 October 2016)

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61,537 Internally Displaced People 2,128,708 estimated affected people 1,410,907 In urgent need of assistance

SITUATION OVERVIEW

On the morning of Tuesday 4 October, Hurricane Matthew made landfall in the Grand Anse and Southern Peninsula as a Category 4 hurricane, with heavy rain, strong winds and flooding. Mathew is the third strongest hurricane ever recorded in Haiti and the first Category 4 to hit the country in the past 52 years. Winds up to 150 mph (240 km/h) barreled into southern coastal towns including Jeremie, Les Cayes, Port Salut, Damie Marie and Jacmel causing major damage to tin-roof homes, schools and other public buildings. Between 20 and 40 inches of rain were recorded across the southern Peninsula, which combined with important storm surge, caused major flooding across the entire region.

Salient facts:

  • Estimated casualties of 271 deaths according to the Directorate of Civil Protection (DPC) up to 842 deaths according to international media (The Telegraph).

  • 191 temporary shelters are housing 61,537 displaced individuals according to The Ministry of Planning and External Cooperation (Le Ministre de la Planification et de la Coopération Externe, MPCE).

  • Communication networks with the Grand Anse departments are partially operational since Friday morning and phone lines with Nippes department are heavily affected .

  • A key bridge connecting the Southern Peninsula to the rest of the country,
    La Digue bridge in Petit Goave, had collapsed on Tuesday 4 October. Land access to the most affected areas remains extremely difficult.

  • Initial, though incomplete reports from the Southern Peninsula, describe more than 28,000 damaged houses.

  • 740 shelters and 279 latrines destroyed or damaged in camps in Port-auPrince, increasing risks of cholera epidemic.

  • 80% of electricity network destroyed in the Southern peninsula.

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