Haiti: Hurricane Matthew - Situation Report No. 25 (25 November 2016)

from UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Published on 25 Nov 2016

This report is produced by OCHA in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It was issued by the Hurricane Matthew Emergency Response Team and covers the period from 22 to 25 November 2016. The next report will be issued on 29 November. Sign up to receive reports of the Emergency Response Team: http://eepurl.com/Kyey5.

Main Points

  • Early data indicate that 90 per cent of the targeted population in 16 communes of the Grand’Anse and Sud departments received cholera vaccination between 8 and 18 November.

  • The Early Recovery sector has reported 6,500 people have benefited from the “cash-for-work” program related to the cleaning of debris in Grand’Anse and Sud.

  • Humanitarian partners are mobilizing their resources to provide assistance as tensions rise in Jérémie, where an estimated 3,000 displaced persons could be forcibly evicted from a main school next week.

  • Landslides on 22 November in Grand’Anse blocked road access to Les Irois, Anse d’Hainault and Dame Marie, preventing medical mobile clinics to access the areas.

Families planned to receive seeds for planting
(26 November to 3 December)
Source: FAO

Cash activities in Sud and Grand’Anse
Source: Intersectoral Cash Working Group 3W

People vaccinated against cholera
(8 to 18 November)
Source: PAHO/WHO

6,279 Cholera cases suspected
(4 October to 10 November)
Source: WHO/PAHO

Situation Overview

A recent Multi-Sector Assessment (MSA) by REACH in Grand’Anse and Sud has indicated that the level of damage by Hurricane Matthew was closely correlated to the proximity of the hurricane track, to the type of shelter and buildings, and to the exposure of a community to secondary disasters such as floods and landslides. Post-hurricane vulnerability of affected communities was compounded by their level of isolation, with cut-off communities being the most vulnerable.

Rural areas were found to be more affected and vulnerable than urban ones because of less resistant housing, higher exposure to elements, lack of public buildings to act as collective centres, higher levels of isolation, and reliance on services and markets that were no longer accessible. All communities reported the need for shelter as a top priority, followed by food, healthcare, livelihood opportunities, and access to education, water and sanitation.

In its meeting in Port-au-Prince on Tuesday, 22 November, the Core Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) decided to look at discrepancies in the figures of displaced populations that have been provided by various sources like DTM, DPC, etc. It was widely agreed that more accurate figures were necessary for making informed decisions and to prepare for a CERF funding request. To achieve this, the Deputy Humanitarian Coordinator (DHC) tasked a small team to look into the methodology through which the data were collected and to plan the way forward towards a more precise number of displaced persons and shelters. ACTED, IOM, OCHA, Oxfam, and UNICEF suggested the following course of action:

The humanitarian actors in Jérémie and Les Cayes will work together, through OCHA, with the Direction de la protection civile (DPC) and other relevant actors to review the figures. The team will compile all available data from the DPC, NGOs, DTM, and others, and will reach out to the shelter committees. A more detailed mapping activity will be conducted on shelters and the partners operating in different zones to identify information gaps. Any unreliable or missing information will be checked either randomly or physically against the corresponding shelters. The revised and consolidated figure for Grand’Anse and Sud is expected no later than Friday, 25 November. Oxfam and ACTED ensured that the message was widely disseminated through their networks of NGOs (CLIO, CCO).

During this reporting period, the cash activity 3W was completed. Around 160 cash activities were implemented by 28 partners in Grand’Anse and Sud. While most of the activities are cash for work, monetary transfer activities were also carried out. The Early Recovery sector has also reported 6,500 beneficiaries from the “cash for work” program related to the cleaning of debris in the two departments. Discussions have begun with communities and town halls on preliminary community recovery plans.

The Needs Assessment Report by the Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Rural Development (MARNDR) estimated losses and damage to the severely-affected fishery sub-sector to more than US$9 million. As part of the implementation of its first three-month emergency response phase in support of the Ministry’s response plan, FAO will support 1,500 households living on fishing and livestock activities with equipment and technical assistance funded by the Belgian Cooperation. In parallel, FAO is implementing a one-year response plan aimed in particular at strengthening the resilience of the climate-affected families who depend on such activities for their survival.

Access in Grand’Anse continues to be a challenge to the humanitarian community. Ongoing rains have caused delays in health response operations, as reported by PAHO/WHO. Landslides on 22 November blocked road access to Les Irois, Anse d’Hainault and Dame Marie. Medical mobile clinics were unable to pass. Despite this context, a nutritionist has arrived to conduct immediate interventions in at least four health centers as malnutrition is a growing concern in this department. A PAHO/WHO WASH team also has arrived in Grand’Anse to help with waste management in health institutions.

Tensions rose dramatically at the end of the week in Jérémie as students, teachers and taxi drivers threatened to forcibly vacate the city’s main school of the displaced people. Together with the DPC, humanitarian partners attempt to defuse the pressure and have committed to provide assistance within a week to ensure a safe and dignified return of the displaced population hosted in the school.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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