A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Hurricane Matthew struck Haiti on 4 October 2016 as a Category 4 hurricane, causing massive destruction mainly in the departments of Grande-Anse, Sud, Nippes, and Nord-Ouest and to a lesser extent in Sud-Est and Ouest departments. The government reported 546 deaths and 439 injuries because of the hurricane. About 2.1 million people were affected, including 806,000 people in need of urgent food assistance.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) launched an Emergency Appeal on 6 October 2016 seeking CHF 6.8 million to help the Haitian Red Cross Society (HRCS) aid affected populations.
Taking into consideration the scope of the disaster and the needs revealed by the various assessments conducted within the first month of the operation, the members of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (the Movement) in Haiti further articulated their efforts for a stronger and better aligned response to Hurricane Matthew. The process of Strengthening Movement Coordination and Cooperation (SMCC) was followed and led to the signing of a tripartite agreement between HRC, IFRC and ICRC. That agreement provided for joint Movement intervention in Haiti. Thus, the original Emergency Appeal was revised and became an International Emergency Appeal to be implemented by all Movement partners present in country, namely American Red Cross, Canadian Red Cross Society, Dominican Red Cross, French Red Cross, German Red Cross, Italian Red Cross, Japanese Red Cross Society, the Netherlands Red Cross, Spanish Red Cross and Swiss Red Cross, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and IFRC. This Revised Emergency Appeal seeking CHF 28.2 million was published on 10 November 2016.
The plan of action put in place by the Movement to respond to Hurricane Matthew was divided into two phases, namely the emergency phase, from October to December 2016, and the recovery phase, from January 2017 to April 2018. All activities planned during the emergency phase have been implemented despite several challenges. These activities were completed in December 2016 as planned. Operations update 1, 2 and 3 were published on 29 November 2016, 13 December 2016, and 7 February 2017 respectively to present the progress made by the Movement during the emergency phase of the operation.
The recovery phase of the operation, which was expected to begin on 1 January 2017, was delayed due to the enormous challenges met during the emergency phase. Some of those challenges included recruiting the appropriate staff for the rolling out of the recovery phase, finalizing contracts with service providers for cash transfer distributions before the 2017 planting season in Haiti, the security constraints posed by the socio-political situation in intervention areas, and the need to prioritise activities taking into consideration available funding as the appeal coverage has remained very low. Nevertheless, the Movement was able implement some recovery activities, and Operations Update No 4 was published on 19 April 2017 to highlight the progress made during the recovery phase of the operation.
This six-month Operations Update presents the progress, the achievements and the challenges since the start of the operation on 6 October 2016 until early April 2017. The report is also part of the accountability mechanism to inform the public about what has been achieved so far.
Currently, the international appeal has received 7,768,307 Swiss Francs in hard pledges, therefore a 29 per cent coverage of a 28.2 million Swiss francs budget. Approximately 1,649,711 Swiss francs in bilateral contributions have also been registered. To date, the appeal has received financial or inkind contributions from:
American Red Cross; Apple iTunes; British Red Cross; British Red Cross (from British Government); China Red Cross, Hong Kong branch; Credit Suisse Foundation; Danish Red Cross; Danish Red Cross (from Ole Kirk´s Fond); Davita; European Commission - DG ECHO; Finnish Red Cross; French Red Cross; Great Britain - Private Donors; IFRC at the UN Inc; Italian Government Bilateral Emergency Fund; Italian Government Bilateral Emergency Fund; Japanese Government; Japanese Red Cross Society; Japanese Red Cross Society (from Japanese Government); Kenya - Private Donors; Liechtenstein Red Cross; Luxembourg - Private Donors; Luxembourg Red Cross (from Luxembourg Government); Mexican Red Cross; Monaco Government; Netherlands - Private Donors; New Zealand Red Cross; On Line donations; Qatar Red Crescent Society; Red Crescent Society of the Islamic Republic of Iran; Red Cross of Monaco; Republic of Korea Government; Singapore Red Cross Society; Spain - Private Donors; Spanish Red Cross; Swedish Red Cross; Swiss Red Cross; Swiss Red Cross (from Swiss Government); Switzerland - Private Donors; The Barbados Red Cross Society; The Canadian Red Cross Society (from Canadian Government); The Netherlands Red Cross (from Netherlands Government); The Republic of Korea National Red Cross; UL LLC -Underwriters Laboratories; UNDP - United Nations Development Programme (from Chile Government); United Arab Emirates - Private Donors; United States - Private Donors; VERF/WHO Voluntary Emergency Relief.
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement on behalf of the HRCS sincerely thanks all donors and partners for their generous support.