Nippes is located along the northern coast of Haiti’s southern peninsula, east of Grand’Anse and west of Haiti’s capital Port-au-Prince. It covers 1,267 square km. Until 2003, Nippes was part of a larger Grande’Anse department, before becoming its own administrative unit. The capital city is Miragoâne. Nippes has 11 communes, and a total estimated population of 343,000. Most people live in rural areas, approximately 89.5% (IHSI 2009; Geohive).
Hazard Profile: Nippes experiences regular natural disasters, has an elevated risk compared to the rest of the country, and has limited disaster risk reduction mechanisms.
Economy: Nippes is one of Haiti’s poorest departments; 64% of the population live in the bottom two quintiles of socio-economic well-being. The most important economic activities include agriculture, petty trade, and fishing.
Infrastructure: Nippes has one of Haiti’s largest ports in Miragoane. Transport infrastructure is limited and prone to blockage during disasters.
Humanitarian stakeholders: The humanitarian presence in Nippes was relatively small prior to the hurricane, with only 12 organisations present.
Food: Nippes was facing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food security conditions before hurricane Matthew struck. 19% of people in Nippes miss meals regularly.
Health: Cholera fatality rate is 3.3%, higher than most departments. Females have more difficulty accessing healthcare than they do nationally.
Nutrition: 8.3% of children are underweight and 0.9% experience severe wasting.
WASH: There is no waste treatment centre in Nippes.
Shelter and NFIs: Housing in Nippes, like much of Haiti, is made of materials prone to damage in natural disasters.
Education: Nippes is below average for most education indicators. 16% of women and 12% of men have received no education.
Protection: Nippes has a slightly lower prevalence of sexual and physical violence (10.8% and 27.4% of women have experienced it) than the national average.