Haiti

Haiti: Hurricane Matthew - Department Profile, Nippes 21 October 2016

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Overview

Nippes is located along the northern coast of Haiti’s southern peninsula, east of Grand’Anse and west of Haiti’s capital Port-au-Prince. It covers 1,267 square km. Until 2003, Nippes was part of a larger Grande’Anse department, before becoming its own administrative unit. The capital city is Miragoâne. Nippes has 11 communes, and a total estimated population of 343,000. Most people live in rural areas, approximately 89.5% (IHSI 2009; Geohive).

Hazard Profile: Nippes experiences regular natural disasters, has an elevated risk compared to the rest of the country, and has limited disaster risk reduction mechanisms.

Economy: Nippes is one of Haiti’s poorest departments; 64% of the population live in the bottom two quintiles of socio-economic well-being. The most important economic activities include agriculture, petty trade, and fishing.

Infrastructure: Nippes has one of Haiti’s largest ports in Miragoane. Transport infrastructure is limited and prone to blockage during disasters.

Humanitarian stakeholders: The humanitarian presence in Nippes was relatively small prior to the hurricane, with only 12 organisations present.

Food: Nippes was facing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food security conditions before hurricane Matthew struck. 19% of people in Nippes miss meals regularly.

Health: Cholera fatality rate is 3.3%, higher than most departments. Females have more difficulty accessing healthcare than they do nationally.

Nutrition: 8.3% of children are underweight and 0.9% experience severe wasting.

WASH: There is no waste treatment centre in Nippes.

Shelter and NFIs: Housing in Nippes, like much of Haiti, is made of materials prone to damage in natural disasters.

Education: Nippes is below average for most education indicators. 16% of women and 12% of men have received no education.

Protection: Nippes has a slightly lower prevalence of sexual and physical violence (10.8% and 27.4% of women have experienced it) than the national average.