Haiti: Humanitarian Situation Report End of Year - 2016
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
3.2 million total people affected (HNO)
2.7 million /# of people in need of humanitarian assistance, of which
1.1 million /# of children in need of humanitarian assistance (UNICEF)
40,462 suspected cholera cases and 429 fatalities since 1 January 2016 (MSPP SE50)
1,633 number of schools damaged by hurricane Matthew, per assessments conducted by UNICEF and Education sector actors and partners. MoE figures remain at 716.
HIGHLIGHTS – 2016
2016 began in the shadow of a three year El-Niño-induced drought, related food insecurity and malnutrition, cholera, child protection issues and infant morbidity and mortality. 2016 ended with the country struggling to recover from hurricane Matthew, and a need to rebuild in one of the poorest areas of the country with many remote villages often inaccessible by roads, if roads even exist. The sudden onset emergency necessitated a corresponding emergency response scale-up, as shown in the below infographic Together with the government of Haiti, UNICEF and its partners have provided safe water on a daily basis to over 300,000 individuals, including over 126,000 children. UNICEF contributed to the cholera vaccination campaigns, in April (West department) and November (Grand’Anse and South departments), that reached over 912,000 people including with messaging about cholera prevention. Over 361,000 children between the ages of 1-14 years are included in this figure. UNICEF restored the cold-chain systems of 37 facilities, and restored 31 outpatient treatment centres for malnutrition in the departments of South and Grand’Anse as well as 2 healthcare facilities in each department. In education, UNICEF has completed restoration of 14 schools, and committed to the rehabilitation of another 168 that are currently in various stages of progress. These restored schools have made it possible for 4,200 students to return to class. In total, it’s expected that 65,000 students will return to the schools repaired by UNICEF.
Some of the initial challenges to access remain, and are gradually being overcome. With the end of the rainy season, access by car is improved where roads exist. Helicopters are being used not only for aid drops but also by assessment teams to reach remote areas to document their needs in advance of programming response.
In addition to the utilization of emergency grants generously provided by UNICEF’s donors, UNICEF was able to achieve these results in no small part by leveraging internal emergency funding mechanisms. This includes both a 2 million US-dollar loan from the Emergency Programme Fund (EPF)—UNICEFs internal emergency fund—and an 8 million US-dollar loan from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF). CERF funds have been used to respond to cholera, including during the aftermath of Hurricane Matthew, while the EPF was used for both hurricane Matthew and Cholera.