Haiti: Humanitarian Situation Report - 30 June 2018
• UNICEF in 2018 continues to respond to the immediate needs of children and communities affected by ongoing crises including (i) cholera, (ii) protection, (iii) drought, food insecurity and acute malnutrition, and (iv) infant mortality.
• Despite a significant decrease in the number of cases of cholera, some localized outbreaks have been reported in Artibonite, Centre and West departments. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) assistance and rapid response need to be reinforced and to count on predictable funding to maintain the positive trend.
• In preparation for the cyclone season, UNICEF has prepositioned a multi-sectorial contingency stock of lifesaving items for 20,000 people and supported emergency preparedness.
• UNICEF calls for additional funding to source nutrition supplies to treat up to 17,000 children with acute malnutrition and carry out essential WASH emergency and resilience work.
• The Haitian-Dominican migration situation continues to be of concern and requires increased support to scale up child protection.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
• More than one year after Hurricane Matthew made landfall, the humanitarian situation in Haiti remains challenging. The country is still affected by cholera outbreaks, food insecurity, malnutrition, and migration as well as potential hurricane and heavy rains threatening the lives and livelihoods of the population.
• Despite a significant reduction in the number of cases of cholera early this year compared to the same period in 2017, some localized outbreaks have been reported in the departments of Artibonite, Centre and West, especially in urban areas.
• WASH assistance remains a critical priority as people affected by previous natural disasters remain vulnerable with limited access to water, hygiene and sanitation. Infrastructures and sources of water supply need to be protected and temporary shelters upgraded to address potential displacement during the upcoming cyclonic season. More than 4.8 million people lack access to an improved water source.
• Despite efforts made by the Government and partners, the food security situation continues to deteriorate in Haiti, a consequence of prolonged drought and the impacts of hurricanes Matthew (2016) and Irma (2017). Of the 1.3 million people in food crisis, 2 only 42 per cent were reached by response programs (OCHA, June 2018). The National Coordination for Food Security (CNSA) estimates that nearly three million people are classified in stress phase from March to June 2018. 4 An estimated 75,900 children under 5 are expected to be affected by acute malnutrition and require curative life-saving interventions.
• The Haitian-Dominican migration situation continues to be of concern and necessitates the strengthening of border monitoring activities. There are about 737,000 people, including 356,000 children, considered as “transborder population” in the border area between Haiti and Dominican Republic. In 2018, it is estimated that over 96,000 Haitians might return voluntarily or forcefully from Dominican Republic (Revised HRP, 2018).
• As of June 28th, the 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for Haiti is funded at 9%.