Haiti Humanitarian Needs Overview: Mid-Year Review (July 2014)
1 Basic services, protection and durable solutions for IDPs
An estimated 104,000 people remain internally displaced in Haiti in 172 camps almost five years after the 2010 earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, have declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. As of June, 8,234 displaced families living in 46 camps are considered at risk of forced evictions (low and high risks). 56,506 people are living in 53 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding. An estimated 17,099 households or 69,399 IDP individuals are not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. Return, relocation or local integration solutions need to be intensified to prevent continued displacement in deteriorating living conditions and with acute protection needs.
2 Health and WASH related to the cholera epidemic
Despite a significant reduction in the incidence of cholera, Haiti continues to host the largest cholera epidemic in the western hemisphere. 6,406 suspected cases and 45 fatalities have been registered between January and June 2014. Estimates suggest that up to 15,000 cases may be registered by the end of 2014, against the originally envisaged number of cases (45,000). 20 communes in four departments have been identified as the worst affected areas.
3 Severe food and nutrition insecurity
2,6 million Haitians continue to be affected by food insecurity including 200,000 people facing severe food insecurity. Whilst the spring agricultural season may improve the situation in some areas, the early end of the rainy season and El Niño could further deteriorate food security conditions, particularly in the North. The prevalence of Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) amongst children under five stands at 6.5% whilst 10 communes in country have a GAM above the 10% emergency threshold with an estimated 100,000 children under five affected by Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAG).
4 High vulnerability and low resilience to natural hazards
Haiti ranks as one of the countries with the highest exposure and vulnerability to multiple hazards including hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, landslides and droughts. According to national authorities, 500,000 people could be affected this year not only by floods during the cyclone season but also by the effect of El Niño. 60 communes are the most vulnerable according to the national contingency plan.