Haiti Humanitarian Bulletin - Issue 66 | September - October 2017
Commemoration of the first anniversary of Hurricane Matthew. Despite the current response, humanitarian needs persist.
Hurricane Season: Hurricanes Irma and Maria caused 5 deaths in Haiti in September.
The humanitarian community has revised the budget of the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan with 34% decrease
Number of IDPs still living in 27 camps set up in response to the 2010 earthquake (Sept. 2017) Source: DTM 37,667
Cumulative suspected cases of cholera (Jan-Sep. 2017) Source: MSPP/DELR 10 814
Number of deaths due to cholera (Jan-Sep. 2017) Source: MSPP/DELR 107
Population moderately food insecure (IPC Phase 2): 3M
Population in crisis phase (IPC Phase 3&4) 1.32M
Number of children suffering from malnutrition Source : UNICEF 143 110
Numbers of Haitian returned from Dom. Rep. (17 Sep. 2017) Source: OIM 229,885
291.5 million Required (US$)
23.8% financed Till date
One year after Hurricane Matthew, humanitarian needs persist
From 3 to 13 October 2017, the authorities of the departments of Sud and Grand'Anse, commemorated the first anniversary of Hurricane Matthew, a Category 4 storm that violently struck the country on October 4, 2016. The departmental delegates of Sud and Grand’Anse, the most affected region by the hurricane, seized the opportunity to thank humanitarian actors who intervened in the aftermath of the disaster. They also went further to highlight the fact that further efforts are needed to propel the recovery process of affected communities.
To support the 1.4 million people in need of humanitarian assistance as a result of hurricane Matthew, the humanitarian community in Haiti intervened in various phases. Humanitarian actors provided emergency response to meet the immediate basic needs of the affected population following the passage of the hurricane in accordance with the humanitarian principles. Subsequently, they coordinated early recovery actions while implementing the transition process to community development. However, there are still significant challenges faced by different sectors in restoring the resilience of the population who were already living in a context of prexisting vulnerability due to the effects of different phenomena and frequent exposure to climatic and seismic hazards.
Achievements and challenges
To provide immediate support to the populations in need of humanitarian assistance in the six most affected departments, about one million people received emergency nonfood items kits. Humanitarian actors activated chlorination points and distributed home water treatment products as well as kits for safe storage of drinking water in order to prevent cholera and other water-related diseases. Drinking water and sanitation services were provided to 139 out of 352 targeted schools and as well as to health facilities. In the food security and nutrition sectors, 517,205 people received food assistance while 44,429 pregnant and lactating women and 42,062 children aged 6-59 months received specialized nutritional products. In addition, 10,628 children with severe acute malnutrition and 6,258 children with moderate acute malnutrition were treated. In the same vein, 32,960 children aged 6 to 24 months received micronutrient powders to improve the nutritional quality of their diet. In terms of health, 11,223 women of childbearing age received specific health assistance and 251 reproductive health kits were distributed to 41 health centers.
The sustainable actions implemented by humanitarian actors to facilitate transition and recovery from the disaster included provision of basic community services to 1,781 displaced households in their neighborhoods of origin in order to enable their return.
Water rehabilitation activities are still ongoing in the affected areas. Furthermore, 14,041 houses in Grand'Anse and Sud were repaired or rehabilitated and metal sheets were distributed to 6,831 households for rehabilitation of their homes. At the same time, 87,000 children benefited from interventions in the education sector either through the rehabilitation of schools or supply of equipment to their schools and the provision of learning materials. In the health sector, 16 affected health structures were rehabilitated while rehabilitation of emergency rooms in departmental hospitals are still ongoing in the departments of Sud and Grand'Anse. To promote recovery of livelihood activities, 270,170 households received agricultural inputs and tools, 1,500 fishing households received fishing materials while 15,022 other vulnerable people participated in agroforestry restoration activities and income-generating activities. In addition, 196,606 households were directly involved in temporary employment activities while 529,228 emergency jobs were created in the most affected areas. 1,654 micro and small businesses also received support and benefited from management and entrepreneurship training to enable them bounce back.
Despite the efforts made by the humanitarian community, the needs of some of the people affected by hurricane Matthew have still not been met due to insufficient funding.
In fact, only 10% of damaged houses have been repaired and only about 1% of destroyed homes have benefited from reconstruction programs. This situation further increases the vulnerability and reduces the resilience capacity of over 80,000 households in the face of potential new disasters. In the education sector, only 46 per cent of the 1,132 affected schools were rehabilitated or reconstructed, which may deprive 50,000 children of their rights to education. There is also a risk of increasing the incidence of water-borne infectious diseases (cholera, acute diarrhea) in areas affected if sanitation facilities are not rehabilitated.