Haiti

Haiti: Floods and Tropical Storm Ernesto DREF Bulletin MDRHT001 Final Report

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments

The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in 185 countries.

In Brief

Period covered by this Final Report: 13 September 2006 to 13 December 2006.

History of this Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF)-funded operation:

- CHF 90,000 (USD 72,137.23 or EUR 56,817.08) was allocated from the Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund to respond to the needs of this operation.

- This operation was expected to be implemented in 3 months, and completed by 13 December 2006. In line with Federation reporting standards, the DREF Bulletin Final Report (narrative and financial) was due 90 days after the end of the operation (13 March 2007).

Global Agenda Goals:

- Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

- Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies.

- Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

- Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.

Background and Summary

Tropical Storm Ernesto passed over Haiti's Southern coast on the night of Saturday, 26 August 2006. On the morning of Sunday, 27 August Ernesto became a category 1 hurricane as it started to leave Haitian territory. The very powerful rains that accompanied this system considerably affected the coastal areas of the South and Grande Anse Departments and caused lesser damage in the West, Les Nippes and Artibonite Departments. Gusty winds and heavy rains reaching 150 to 187 mm, hammered the peninsula and the West Department, causing flooding in certain coastal villages of the south-east, the south, Nippes, Grande Anse and the west. The flooding of the Quinte River in Upper-Artibonite, obliged authorities to evacuate communities in Nan Manmye, near Passereine, some 15 kilometres from the city of Gonaïves. Lesser rains and winds were observed in Aquin, Cavaillon, Chantal, Arniquet, Saint-Jean du Sud, Ile à Vache and Port Salut.

The results of coordinated assessments as regards damage and numbers of affected persons are as follows:

Departments Communes
Deaths
Wounded
Missing
Numbers of Affected People
Number of People in shelters
Houses Destroyed
Houses Damaged
Grande Anse
-
3
-
450
-
6
53
Nippes
1
-
1
415
-
-
83
West
-
-
-
370
-
22
52
Anse à Galet
South
Arniquet
-
-
-
35
-
4
-
Camp-Perrin
1
1
1
210
282
7
42
Cavaillon
-
-
-
5
-
-
1
Aquin
-
-
-
100
-
-
20
Ile à Vaches
1
1
-
595
-
29
119
St Jean du Sud
-
-
-
300
180
3
57
St. Louis du
1
-
1
10
-
-
-
Sud
South East
-
-
-
50
-
-
Bainet
Total
4
5
3
2,5401
462
71
427

Coordination

The HNRCS ensured coordination with the national authorities, the Ministry of Health, the UN system, particularly OCHA and UNICEF and with international NGOs such as the Catholic Relief Service, Care and World Vision. The HNRCS invited local and national media representatives to travel to the field to see the damage caused by Tropical Storm Ernesto and the work being carried out by the Haitian National Red Cross Society. Articles and information have also been published on the Federation's two regional web sites - www.cruzroja.org and www.caribbeanredcross.org and on the global Federation web site www.ifrc.org.

Analysis of the operation - achievements and impact

The Haitian National Red Cross Society activated its emergency operations centre as of the morning of 25 August. In addition, trained national intervention team (NIT) members were mobilized in the affected regions to assist with search and rescue, first aid and damage and needs assessments. Nevertheless, there were certain difficulties in accessing the areas hit by the floods given lack of resources and difficulties with vehicles. In the South, South East, Grande Anse, Les Nippes and Upper Artibonite Departments, the 150 community volunteers trained under the "Kouri di Vwazin 'W" project were mobilized before the passage of the tropical depression in order to raise awareness amongst the population with regard to hazards and to measures to take before, during and after the passage of Ernesto. The volunteers traveled by bicycle and on horseback to isolated communities and, through the use of megaphones, provided warning messages to populations living close to the sea and to rivers and whose houses are in areas prone to landslides.

Map: Caribbean: Tropical storm Ernesto - Situation map

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In Haiti: Haitian National Red Cross Society, Dr. Michaèle Amédée Gédéon, President, Port-au- Prince; email croroha@haitworld.com, phone (509) 510-9813, fax (509) 223-1054.

In Haiti: Jean Pierre Givel, Head of Delegation, Port au Prince; email jp.givel@ifrc.org, phone (509) 513-5067, fax (509) 221-8633.

In Panama: Leon Prop, Head of Regional Delegation, Panama; email leon.prop@ifrc.org, phone (507) 317-1300, fax (507) 317-1304.

In Panama: Stephen McAndrew, Coordinator of the Federation's Pan American Disaster Response Unit, Panama; email stephen.mcandrew@ifrc.org, phone (507) 316-1001, fax (507) 316-1082.

In Geneva: Luis Luna, Federation Regional Officer, Americas Department, Geneva; email luis.luna@ifrc.org, phone (41)22-730-4274, fax (41)22-733-0395.