For a third consecutive year and due to the ongoing El Niño phenomenon, Haiti is experiencing one of the worst droughts in recent decades, significantly affecting the 2015 spring harvest season.
As the spring and winter agricultural seasons developed under drought conditions, vulnerability to food insecurity for subsistence farmers and small producers reach new highs.
Because households have experienced several back-toback poor harvests in the past 3 years, stress, crisis, and emergency livelihood coping mechanisms have been adopted. Often, these coping mechanisms have negative and irreversible effects over time as they involve the depletion of their assets and compromise their capacity to cope with future crisis.
The majority of the households (81%) reported that their 2015 spring/summer harvest was affected by the drought. Out of this, 89% reported losses in their agricultural production and 72% indicated to have lost more than 80% of their production.
An emergency food security assessment conducted by WFP and the Haitian National Coordination for Food Security Office (CNSA), estimated that country-wide, about 3.6 million persons (700,000 households) are food insecure. Approximately 1.5 million persons (300,000 households) are severely food insecure.
As food insecure households are already applying negative coping mechanisms and considering that the 2015 spring harvest accounts for over 60% of the national annual production, possibilities of recovery are limited even with a successful 2016 winter harvest.