Haiti Earthquake PDNA: Assessment of damage, losses, general and sectoral needs

Haiti - Summary of the PDNA
Damage, losses, and needs assessment by sector The January 12 2010 earthquake and its impacts

(Working document)

Prepared by the Government of the Republic of Haiti with support from the International Community

On January 12 2010, just before 17:00, an earthquake of magnitude 7.3 on the Richter scale shook Haiti for 35 seconds. It was the most powerful earthquake to hit the country in 200 years. The hypocentre of the earthquake was close to the surface (at a depth of 10 km) and its epicentre was close to the town of Léogâne, around 17 km south-west of the capital Port-au-Prince in the Department of Ouest. The effects were felt in the Departments of Ouest, Sud-est, and Nippes. The Port-au-Prince metropolitan area (including the communes of Port-au-Prince, Carrefour, Pétionville, Delmas, Tabarre, Cité Soleil, and Kenscoff) suffered extremely severe damage. Eighty percent of the town of Léogâne was destroyed.

The earthquake has created an unprecedented situation, affecting the country's most populous area as well as its economic and administrative centre. The situation is all the more tragic because for three years the country had been experiencing a tendency towards stabilization of the socio-political situation, of security, of economic growth, and the beginnings of an improvement in people's living conditions.