The 2011 Atlantic hurricane season, which ran from June to November, yielded 18 named storms. This year, Haiti avoided direct impact from the most severe storms, though heavy rains associated with some weather systems led to localized flooding. USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) worked closely with the Government of Haiti (GoH) to prepare for and appropriately respond to related humanitarian needs. In addition, through implementing partner the International Organization for Migration (IOM), USAID/OFDA provided pre-positioned emergency commodities to populations affected by flooding.
As of early December, USAID/OFDA partners had reported the completion of more than 28,600 transitional shelters (t-shelters), house repairs for more than 7,800 households, and hosting support for approximately 26,500 households. Overall, USAID/OFDA has provided shelter solutions to approximately 63,000 households, roughly a fifth of Haiti’s displaced population.
Twenty-three months after the January 2010 earthquake and fourteen months following the October 2010 cholera outbreak, the emergency relief phase in Haiti continues to transition to longer-term recovery and development.
USAID/OFDA staff in Haiti will continue to monitor humanitarian conditions and work with the humanitarian community to coordinate efforts and facilitate the transition. USAID/OFDA staff in Haiti also continue to work to strengthen disaster preparedness capacity nationwide in coordination with the GoH, relief agency partners, and members of the international community.
In FY 2011, USAID/OFDA provided nearly $39 million in humanitarian assistance to Haiti in response to ongoing humanitarian needs resulting from the earthquake and more than $40 million in response to the cholera outbreak.
USAID/OFDA funding supported activities in a variety of sectors, including economic recovery and market systems (ERMS), health, humanitarian coordination and information management, logistics and relief commodities, natural and technological risks, protection, shelter and settlements, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH). In total, the U.S. Government (USG) provided nearly $200 million in humanitarian assistance to Haiti in FY 2011, including nearly $80 million from USAID/OFDA.