The year of 2011 has been a time of significant transition in Haiti. Nearly a million displaced people have left camps, a new government is in power, an overall decrease in the number of cholera cases is reported and estimates from the Early Recovery Cluster show that nearly half of the 10 million cubic metres of debris generated by the earthquake has been cleared.
Signs of progress are clearly visible but the humanitarian situation remains precarious. Despite the immediate material needs of beneficiaries increasingly being met, violence and crime continue to threaten the lives and livelihoods of the most vulnerable segments of society, particularly women, youth and children, people with disabilities or sickness, and older people.
The camp population, once estimated to be up to 1.5 million people, had reduced to less than 550,560 people by September 2011 according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM). This significant decline reflects the rapid increase in the pace of shelter solutions but humanitarian support to leave the camps cannot account for the complete decline. Concerns remain regarding where people have moved to and if they are receiving the support they need.