Food and nutritional insecurity due to recurrent drought episodes exacerbated by El Niño phenomena are the focus of current European Commission assistance. Interventions are closely articulated with initiatives aiming at enhancing the resilience of the most vulnerable populations to face and recover from recurrent shocks.
The Commission's humanitarian funding also focuses on an additional 3 million people potentially affected by a cholera outbreak which has already claimed more than 9 100 lives since 2010, and remains one of the world’s worst epidemics with over 15 000 people infected in the first four and a half months of 2016.
The Commission's humanitarian assistance supports the most vulnerable affected by the 2010 catastrophic, magnitude 7.0 earthquake still living in the camps. The earthquake claimed 222 750 lives and destroyed tens of thousands of homes and buildings. The Commission immediately provided humanitarian assistance through the allocation of €100 million to provide aid to 5 million victims of the disaster. Six years later, more than 62 000 people still live in 36 makeshift camps for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), in which access to basic services remains insufficient.
The Commission also supports Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and preparedness projects, to ensure Haitians are more resilient to recurring natural hazards such as hurricanes, floods, landslides and droughts, and epidemics such as cholera.
Since 1995, the Commission has provided €353.7 million in humanitarian assistance to Haiti, including €34.2 million for DRR actions.