Inter-Agency Rapid Gender-Based Violence Assessment Report in Guyana, 25 – 30 march 2019
I. Executive Summary
As conditions continue to deteriorate in Venezuela, more than 3.7 million persons have left the country and the outflows continue unabated. Countries bordering Venezuela remain the first ports of entry for multiple types of population movements, including persons seeking asylum or regular stay, people in transit, as well as back-and-forth (pendular) movements to address their basic needs and some others returning to their countries of origin. In March 2019, an interagency rapid gender-based violence (GBV) assessment supported by the GBV Working Group of the Regional Interagency Coordination Platform for Refugees and Migrants from Venezuela was conducted in Guyana. The overall objective of the assessment was to have an understanding of the GBV risks and vulnerabilities faced by Venezuelan and returning Guyanese women and girls in particular, root causes, gaps in GBV service provision and factors limiting their access to available services. During the interagency rapid GBV assessment, information was collected on serious GBV risks such as survival sex, human trafficking, harassment and sexual violence, domestic violence, sexual exploitation and abuse, labor exploitation and discrimination. The language barrier as well as the lack of a legal status in the country are circumstances that particularly put Venezuelan women and girls in a situation of vulnerability. Efforts by authorities in Guyana to combat and prevent different forms of GBV long pre-date the influx of Venezuelans and returning Guyanese, however, national capacities and resources are limited. This interagency mission report contains information on GBV root causes and contributing factors with a particular focus on the influx of Venezuelans and returning Guyanese, as well as recommendations for the Government of Guyana, UN agencies and civil society organizations with a presence in the country on an effective implementation of GBV prevention, mitigation, and response programmes.