The increasing population flow to countries in South America as well as to other regions, is of special interest to the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in its objective to promote safe, orderly and regular migration based on the respect for the rights of migrants. These processes of human mobility pose urgent challenges, including in the South American context.
A large proportion of the population in conditions of human mobility in the region comes from Venezuela, with Guyana being one of the destination countries. For this reason, the Government of Guyana expressed the need to monitor the current situation and IOM has sought to generate data to assist governmental entities and humanitarian actors to develop concrete actions for the benefit of the mobile Venezuelan population.
The purpose of this analysis, based on the implementation of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) between August and September 2018, is to characterize the Venezuelan population along with returning Guyanese who previously resided in Venezuela so as to inform decision-making, as well as to obtain a better understanding of their profile, migratory routes, economic and labor situation, living conditions and main protection needs. This first round of the Displacement Tracking Matrix was funded by IOM and the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF).