Guinea

USAID assistance to Guinea

Format
News and Press Release
Source
Posted
Originally published

BUDGET (in '000s)
FY 2001
(Actual)
FY 2002
(Estimated)
FY 2003
(Request)
Development Assistance/Child Survival
$ 18,522
$ 22,392
$ 22,925
Economic Support Fund
$ 0
$ 650
$ 0
PL 480 Title II
$ 10,712
$ 7,240
$ 3,441
Democracy and Human Rights Fund
$ 75
$ 75
TBD
Special Self-Help Fund
$ 53
$ 57
TBD
Foreign Disaster Assistance
$ 0
$ 375
TBD
Total
$ 29,362
$ 30,789
$ 26,366

Note: USAID's program in Guinea is one of eight direct U.S. assistance programs in West Africa, and USAID maintains a fully staffed office in Conakry.

OBJECTIVES

Assistance to Guinea supports the core U.S. values of mitigating conflict and human suffering, and promoting democracy and free trade. USAID's program will continue to support Guinea's development efforts through four strategic objectives: natural resource management, health, education, and democracy. USAID is working with Guinea to: improve natural resource management through increased sustainable agricultural production and economic growth; improve the health of the Guinean population; build human capacity through basic education and training; improve local and national governance through active citizen participation and conflict mitigation; and facilitate post-conflict transition in the country's Forest Region.

MAJOR PROGRAM AREAS

Sustainable Natural Resource Management: USAID's environmental and agricultural program integrates local capacity building, sustainable agricultural production, and off-farm income-generating activities to support economic growth in targeted communities. It offers social and economic incentives to encourage conservation of the country's natural resource base. Training and technical assistance are provided in order to empower local communities to manage their own natural resources and foster a policy environment that supports community-based resource management and encourages long-term investment in sustainable agricultural production.

Small-scale farmers, small and micro entrepreneurs, and traders are the primary beneficiaries. Strong emphasis is placed on the participation of women in the program as they play a key role in the rural economy and in ensuring household food security.

Health: USAID programs in this area use child survival and health resources to provide technical assistance in the implementation of a national HIV sero-prevalence survey; technical assistance in the development of an action plan for integrated management of childhood illnesses; training of health professionals in quality standards for maternal and child health services; demand-creation activities and health education campaigns including AIDS awareness; and technical assistance to the polio eradication effort and national immunization program.

Education: USAID builds human resources by supporting the expansion and improved quality of basic education for 1.6 million school-aged children. The program trains and provides technical assistance to the Guinean Ministry of Education to improve sectoral strategic planning, management, and decision-making in basic education. In addition, the program provides in-service teacher training; technical assistance in the production of instructional materials and teaching materials development; training and grants to parent-teacher associations (PTAs) to increase community participation in basic education; and technical assistance in promoting girls' education.

Improved Local & National Governance: USAID promotes the democratic process by training citizens and locally elected officials, and facilitating dialogue and enhancing government capacity to respond to citizen needs. Specifically, the USAID Democracy and Governance program in Guinea provides training for more effective citizen participation in local government; technical assistance to promote more responsive political processes; and technical assistance to strengthen civil society organizations.

Post-Conflict Transition Program: This $3-million program supports the economic regeneration and re-establishment of social services in those areas of the Forest Region of Guinea that were subjected to cross-border attacks during 2000 and 2001. In addition, the activity works to create a culture of peace.

OTHER PROGRAM AREAS

Public Law 480 Title II (PL 480): Nearly 800 million in the world are "food insecure," and many live in sub-Saharan Africa. Chronic poverty, the persistent lack of economic opportunity either to produce adequate amounts of food or to exchange labor for income needed to purchase food in adequate amounts, is the chief cause of food insecurity. USAID, through PL 480 funding, makes commodity donations to cooperating sponsors to address the needs of food security through both 5-year development projects and emergency food assistance. Local partners in Guinea implemented food security and sustainable agriculture activities with a total monetized value of $7.4 million in FY 2001. In addition, USAID provides emergency food commodities.

Democracy and Human Rights Fund (DHRF): USAID supports a grants program which provides assistance through indigenous organizations that implement short-term, highly targeted country-level activities in support of human rights and democratic institutions. In Guinea the DHRF program supports projects that raise citizen awareness of the rights and responsibilities towards disadvantaged populations, as well as the responsibility of government officials and civil society members to protect the human rights of these populations, in particular women and children and those infected with HIV/AIDS.

Special Self-Help (SSH) Fund: SSH supports community-based development activities that have an immediate impact. In Guinea, the funding supports activities in the health, sanitation, infrastructure development, and income generation and education sectors.

Peace Corps Small Project (SPA) Program: The SPA program is active in 75 countries. The program facilitates local grass-roots efforts by combining Peace Corps Volunteers' knowledge of local conditions with USAID's technical and financial resources. In Guinea approximately 90 volunteers work in environment, health, and education.

Public-Private Alliance (PPA): USAID participates in the Sustainable Tree Crop Program that engages public and private sector entities with an initial country focus on cashew production.

Grants Program: Since 1978 USAID has approved grants to help U.S. private voluntary organizations (PVOs) develop their community-based programs overseas. The matching grants program allows PVOs to submit proposals for USAID matching funds through a competitive, annual selection process. USAID grants in Guinea under this program include:

  • A matching grant awarded to Winrock International for a "Partnerships and Economic Growth through Non-Governmental Organizations" program. This program, implemented in Guinea, Indonesia, Mali, and Senegal, helps farmers, particularly women, use sustainable agricultural production and conservation technologies to increase farm productivity and incomes.

  • A two-year child survival grant was awarded to the Adventist Development and Relief Agency International to improve knowledge of good health behavior, increase the acceptance of good health practices, and improve the overall health of communities.

  • A five-year farmer-to-farmer grant awarded to Winrock International's Institute for Agriculture Development to increase food quantity and quality, as well as to improve the environmental sustainability of farming.

  • Several ocean freight reimbursement grants for such organizations as the Adventist Development and Relief Agency International and Direct Relief International, to defray part of the transportation costs for selected commodity shipments to Guinea.

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