In the present report, submitted pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 2/of 14 June 201, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights describes the human rights situation in Guinea in 2014 and makes recommendations to address diverse human rights problems. The High Commissioner also provides information on the activities of the country office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Guinea.
During 2014, action by the Government was dominated by efforts to control the Ebola virus. The case fatality rate, the measures adopted by the authorities to tackle the virus and the decisions by some neighbouring countries to close their borders affected the exercise of fundamental rights such as freedom of movement, the right to education, the right to health and the right to work.
The Government continued its efforts to consolidate natio nal institutions. Reform of the judicial system continued, and was marked by the establishment of the Supreme Council of Justice and the implementation of the special status for magistrates to ensure their independence and significantly improve their salary.
However , progress in combating impunity among members of the defence and security forces has been very limited. Moreover, prison overcrowding is still a major problem, in particular because of the almost systematic use of pretrial detention. Nor has there been any progress in efforts to combat violence against women and girls, and female genital mutilation is still practiced.