On 28 September 2013, legislative elections in Guinea marked the end of a long political transition started in 2010. The elections were followed by the forming of the National Assembly on 13 January 2014 and presidential elections of October 2015, which saw the outgoing president, Mr Alpha Condé, re-elected.
Finally, the first local elections since the end of the military rule were held in February 2018. This transition was accompanied by the UN in collaboration with the European Union, the United States, France and Germany among others. Despite significant progress made, some peacebuilding challenges remain, related to political conflicts and levels of trust of the population in democratic, transparent and performing state institutions. The management of national resources, especially in the mining sector, also raises questions. In addition, regional dynamics relating to risks of radicalization and violent extremism triggers new challenges.
PBF Investments in Guinea:
Total allocation: $69.5 million invested since 2008
Current portfolio: $8.9 million
Security sector reform
Partners: ACORD (NUNO), IBRD (WB), IOM, OHCHR, UNDP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNHABITAT, UNICEF, UNIDO, WFP
Guinea became eligible for PBF support on the declaration of the UN General Secretary of 25 June 2008. PBF support has been instrumental in assisting the UN to accompany the country throughout a delicate democratic transition, leading to the first democratic election in the country, followed by the implementation of key peacebuilding reforms, including the reform of the Army.
As a country having requested support from the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC), and a UN ‘non-mission’ setting, Guinea has been a priority country for PBF, with an overall investment of $ 69.5 million since 2007. The 2012-2016 Second Peacebuilding Priority Plan focused on 1) Security Sector Reform (SSR), 2) National Reconciliation and 3) Youth and Women employment.
The current investments – started in 2017 – build on the evaluation of previous investments through sustaining some of the key achievements, notably in the area of Security Sector Reform, while grappling with new challenges, such as in the area of preventing radicalization.
This regular programming is complemented by two projects under the 2016 and 2017 Youth Promotion Initiatives.
An external evaluation in 2017 of the Fund’s $48 million investment across 31 projects under the Second Peacebuilding Priority Plan determined that the portfolio met the most pressing peacebuilding challenges and had focused on those most vulnerable to conflict, such as women and youth.