Report of the Secretary-General on the restoration of constitutional order in Guinea-Bissau (S/2013/123)

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I. Introduction

1 . The present report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2048 (2012), by which the Council requested me to submit regular reports every 90 days on the implementation of that resolution, including on the restoration of and respect for constitutional order in Guinea-Bissau, as well as the humanitarian situation in the country. It covers major developments since my previous report of 27 November 2012 (S/2012/887), and my report of 11 January 2013 (S/2013/26), which was submitted pursuant to resolution 2030 (2011) on developments in Guinea-Bissau and on the activities of the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in that country (UNIOGBIS).

II. Restoration of and respect for constitutional order

A . Political situation

2 . There was no significant progress towards implementation of resolution 2048 (2012) during the reporting period. National stakeholders remained divided on the transitional arrangements and on how to achieve the full restoration of constitutional order in the country. The military continued to interfere in politics, and international partners are yet to agree on the assessment on the ground.

1 . Overview of the political situation in the country

3 . The continuing stagnation notwithstanding, the period under review was generally characterized by a climate of relative political compromise. The mandate of the National Assembly was extended until the swearing-in of newly elected parliamentarians, the date of which remains uncertain; a new Speaker of the National Assembly was elected; and an all-party parliamentary commission was established by the National Assembly to review the political transition pact and the political agreement signed by the military junta and 17 political parties in May 2012. Since its establishment, the Parliamentary Commission has held consultations with the 37 registered political parties and civil society, including women and youth organizations. Although the defence and security forces have been invited to participate in the consultations, they have not done so.