A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
Guinea Bissau suffered violent winds of 80 km to 120 km/h (according to the National Meteorological Agency) on 27 June 2018, which affected hundreds of houses and dozens of infrastructures (37 schools affected according to a communication of the Ministry of Education sent to UNICEF). According to the Civil Protection’s initial provisional assessment, some 2,000 families (11,541 people) were affected, and 420 houses were destroyed in Bissau, the capital. Three (3) deaths were also reported and 800 people were displaced into other regions. The initial assessment conducted between 28 June and 15 July 2018 by the National Society highlighted damages to 336 houses. The areas identified as the most affected were in Bissau city (Autonomous Sector of Bissau), specifically in the districts of Antula and Djolo-GabuZinho.
Indeed, the storm impacted families living in houses that are more vulnerable to winds, either because of their location or because of improper installation of the roof. The typology of houses in the area is very homogenous and vulnerable to strong winds. In response to the situation, the IFRC launched a four months DREF operation of CHF 273,597 on 10 July 2018, with objective to reduce risk of further deterioration of living conditions amongst affected population. This was done through provision of emergency shelter, food, NFI and WASH services targeting 2,415 people (345 households).
Following the launch of the operation, the IFRC support mission deployed to Guinea Bissau in mid July 2018, together with the National Society, conducted a more in-depth needs assessment which led to the revision of the operational strategy. This change which was effected by the publishing of Operational update 1 on 23 August 2018, highlighted that the storm had especially impacted the population in the following areas: Shelter and NFIs (non-food items) - Food security and livelihoods - Water and sanitation - Health. Given its main operational strengths and in coordination with partners, the Red Cross Society of Guinea Bissau (GBRC) focused its intervention on these sectors.
On 31 October 2018, Operation update 2 was published – the update extended the operation for an additional month without supplementary cost in order to complete the implementation of activities and ensure appropriate monitoring and evaluation of results, bringing the overall timeframe for this operation to five months. This update equally revised the targeted number of people to be assisted from 2,485 people (355 households) to 3,374 people (303 households) because the number of people per household was found to be higher than initially reported (approximately 11 people per household).
The major donors and partners of the DREF include the Red Cross Societies and governments of Australia, Austria, Belgium, Britain, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden and the USA, as well as DG ECHO, the UK Department for International Development (DFID), AECID, the Medtronic and Zurich Foundations and other corporate and private donors. On behalf of the Red Cross Society of Guinea Bissau (GBRC), the IFRC extends many thanks to all partners for their generous contributions.