In recent years, the North of Central America (NCA) has experienced several climate shocks that have severely affected agricultural production and aggravated food and nutrition insecurity. Recurring emergencies such as drought and flooding have affected millions of vulnerable people across El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. Moreover, continually high rates of violence have driven a high volume of forced displacements, both within and across borders.
Analysis of the last three years (2017 - 2019) shows that these factors, combined with underlying factors such as high poverty rates, limited economic growth, environmental degradation, insecurity and reduced access to basic services, have increased vulnerabilities and created an overall humanitarian impact that poses great risk to lives and access to rights and services for millions of people in these countries.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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