Guatemala continues to be overwhelmed by security issues related to drug trafficking, the rise of organized crime, social inequality, and poverty. These issues and the government’s inability to provide many basic services, including security, are seen as major factors contributing to the migration of Guatemalans. This also has contributed to the exodus of unaccompanied children; this grave humanitarian situation has caused much concern among Central America region and governmental institutions.
Over the last three years, Guatemala has been affected by consecutive climatic shocks such as erratic rainfall and floods, as well as by the coffee rust plague. The prolonged dry spell that struck the country in 2014 has made the food insecurity situation even worse, and exhausted any remaining coping mechanisms of the most vulnerable people; the situation is expected to worsen in 2015.