A. Situation Analysis
Description of the disaster
On 3 June 2018, Guatemala's 3,763-meter (12,346-feet) Fuego Volcano erupted, killing 165 people and leaving 260 people missing. The volcano emitted an 8-kilometer (5-mile) stream of hot lava and a dense plume of black smoke and ash that blanketed Guatemala’s capital, Guatemala City, and other regions. According to Guatemalan authorities, 12,823 people have been evacuated from the affected area (please see the map of affected areas), 2,851 people are in collective centres, and 27 people are injured. The fatalities are concentrated in three towns: El Rodeo, Alotenango and San Miguel los Lotes.
The GRC deployed a support team from its headquarters to Escuintla to carry out a needs assessment and provide support and guidance to Restoring Family Links (RFL), psychological support (PSS) actions and the provision of medical care in the collective centres.
The Guatemalan Red Cross develops national-level actions as established in the National Response Plan, which also determines the operational structure, lines of action and procedures that facilitate disaster response; the National Society has 100 staff members, 21 branches and more than 1,684 volunteers nationwide. The GRC has implemented a cash transfer programme (CTP) in its last two Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) operations, one of which was completed in the last week of December 2017 and well received by the target community.