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Drought in Central America in 2015 - Situation Report (as of October 6, 2015)

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Situation Report
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Highlights

 The drought caused by El Niño is one of the most severe in the history of Central America, surpassing in size and impact the situation faced in 2014.

  • Despite mitigation measures, thousands of families in the dry corridor have been affected, reaching levels of humanitarian crisis.

  • 3.5 million people have been affected in Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador, of which more than 2 million need immediate food assistance, health care, nutritional support, and recovery of livelihoods, among others.

  • This crisis highlights the extreme vulnerability of subsistence farmers, labourers and lowincome families living along the dry corridor to erratic rainfall, crop failure, and deterioration in food security and nutrition, health and livelihoods.

  • According to a study by IOM and WFP, the impact of drought has become an additional trigger for the migration of people from rural areas to urban centres and to other countries.

  • National governments are preparing to respond to this situation. The UN System is mobilizing resources and supporting the affected countries by coordinating emergency response plans.

3.5 million People affected by food insecurity (El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras)

75% - 100% Approximate losses of maize and bean crops in the affected areas

US$28 million Estimated losses in El Salvador

US$23.1 million Required in the Response Plan in Honduras

145,000 families Require food assistance in Guatemala

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.