Guatemala

Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP): Flash Appeal 2005 for Guatemala - Floods and Mudslides


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Situation

In the period from 4 to 9 October 2005 heavy rains affected the Southern Coast and western highlands of Guatemala as a result of Hurricane “Stan”, with precipitation as high as 267 mm on one day. Flooding and mudslides have ensued in many parts of the country with heavy rainfall continuing to cause damage in affected areas.

Flooding and landslides have caused loss of life, injury and displaced persons as well as damage to housing and infrastructure in 251 of 331 municipalities in 15 of the country’s 22 departments. Poor and isolated communities have been particularly badly affected, especially indigenous women and children given their lack of access to survival resources. There have been over 900 landslides and considerable damage to a high proportion of roads and bridges. In the highland and south-western departments of Solola and San Marcos, entire villages have been swept away by landslides, with significant loss of life. The most vulnerable communities have lost their livelihoods and income and their survival conditions will remain precarious for a number of months. Unless immediate measures are implemented to overcome the impacts of this disaster, extreme poverty and acute malnutrition will increase, as will the Government’s challenge in meeting the Millennium Development Goals.

Preliminary information late on 9 October shows:

- 652 deaths

- 384 missing people

- 130,179 persons affected

- 89,675 persons housed in 280 temporary shelters

- 5,225 houses damaged

- 421 affected communities

These statistics will increase as areas not yet reached by emergency services are included.

Response

There are immediate needs in food, water, personal hygiene, temporary shelter, bedding and essential medicines. The National Council for Disaster Reduction (CONRED) has coordinated responses under a declared State of National Calamity (Emergency). Through the Diplomatic corps and UN system, the President has requested international assistance in food, shelter, medicines and securing access to affected areas. Over the next 6 months, the UN will coordinate its responses with Government, CONRED and NGO partners. Key proposed actions are:

  • Water, sanitation and hygiene: evaluation of the water and sanitation conditions, provision of water purification and water containers, cleaning and disinfection of wells, establishment of waste disposal services, and dissemination of information;

  • Food security: dietary support to the most vulnerable and food insecure households, monitor needs of children and lactating or pregnant women, ensure recovery of acutely malnourished children, promotion of food production activities;

  • Shelter and non-food items: conduct a census of affected population, construct shelters and provide emergency non-food supplies (bedding, cooking etc.), reconstruction and re-equipping of damaged schools, ensure protection from violence;

  • Health services: prevention of infectious disease outbreaks; establish medical brigades; provide essential medicines, health, hygiene and reproductive health kits, psychological support services;

  • Communication and access to services: facilitate access to affected areas through the reestablishment of radio communications, direct contact with population through pedestrian bridges and immediate transport of goods;
  • Inter-agency coordination and support: damage assessment, emergency technical assistance to CONRED, disaster management and joint monitoring of the recovery process. This Flash Appeal urgently seeks US$ 24,670,000 for projects to address these immediate needs.
GUATEMALA Flash Appeal 2005
Summary of Requirements - by Sector
as of 14 October 2005
http://www.reliefweb.int/fts
Compiled by OCHA on the basis of information provided by the respective appealing organisation.
Sector Name
Original Requirements
AGRICULTURE
3,500,000
COORDINATION AND SUPPORT SERVICES
6,740,000
ECONOMIC RECOVERY AND INFRASTRUCTURE
1,200,000
EDUCATION
600,000
FOOD
6,910,000
HEALTH
1,720,000
WATER AND SANITATION
4,000,000
Grand Total
24,670,000
GUATEMALA Flash Appeal 2005
Summary of Requirements - By Appealing Organisation
as of 14 October 2005
http://www.reliefweb.int/fts
Compiled by OCHA on the basis of information provided by the respective appealing organisation.
Appealing Organisation
Original Requirements
FAO
3,500,000
IOM
1,865,000
OCHA
113,000
PAHO
1,770,000
UNDP
5,962,000
UNESCO
300,000
UNFPA
650,000
UNICEF
3,600,000
WFP
6,910,000
Grand Total
24,670,000

The list of projects and the figures for their funding requirements in this document are a snapshot as of 14 October 2005. For continuously updated information on projects, funding requirements, and contributions to date, visit the Financial Tracking Service (www.reliefweb.int/fts).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Guatemala Map

1. Executive Summary

Table I. Summary Of Requirements – By Sector And By Appealing Organisations 2

2. Context And Humanitarian Consequences

2.1 National Context And The Disaster

Where?

What Has Happened Since The Crisis?

2.2 Humanitarian Consequences

Who Is Most Affected?

3. Response Plan

3.1. Water, Sanitation And Hygiene Promotion

3.2 Food Security, Nutrition And Food Aid

3.3 Shelter And Social Infrastructure (Settlements And Non-Food Items)

3.4 Health: Access To Preventive And Care Services

3.5 Support To The Re-Establishment Of Communications And Access To Isolated Communities

3.6 Inter-Agency Coordination And Support To Disaster Response By National Institutions

3.7 Disaster Preparedness, Mitigation And Information Management

4. Roles And Responsibilities

Tables II and III - List of Projects by Sector and Appealing Organisation

Annexes

Annex I. Acronyms And Abbreviations

Annex II. Principal Affected Areas

Annex III. Map Of Shelters (Blue Dots) And Affected Villages (Red Dots)

Note: The full text of this appeal is available on-line in Adobe Acrobat (pdf) format and may also be downloaded in zipped MS Word format.

Full Original Appeal [pdf* format] [zipped MS Word format]

* Get the Adobe Acrobat Viewer (free)

For additional copies, please contact:

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Palais des Nations
8-14 Avenue de la Paix
CH - 1211 Geneva, Switzerland

Tel.: (41 22) 917.1972
Fax: (41 22) 917.0368
E-Mail: cap@reliefweb.int

Disclaimer

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.