Oceans away from last December's tsunami, the tiny Caribbean island of Grenada is living proof of how difficult it can be to translate outpourings of international assistance into recovery and reconstruction. In September of 2004, Hurricane Ivan swept the Caribbean taking 80 per cent of Grenada's infrastructure with it and devastating the spice and tourist industries. The world responded generously to the calamity, which killed 39 of the tiny nation's 103,000 people and left 90 per cent of the nation's 28,000 houses in shambles. But seven months later, the 'Spice Island' famed for its nutmeg, mace, cinnamon, ginger and cloves is still struggling to pull itself back together.
Most of the nutmeg trees which made Grenada the world's second-largest producer, were uprooted by Ivan and although the cruise ships are returning with tourists, most of those who serve them have yet to rebuild their homes. It's been slow, slow going, reports Michelle Gyles-McDonnough, Liaison Office Coordinator for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Barbados. Technical capacity even before the hurricane was modest in most sectors, but now progress has been severely impacted. We have yet to rebuild certain basic systems to a degree that will allow us to move forward.
Grenada's experience is mirrored in the city of Bam, Iran, as it struggles to recover from the 2003 earthquake. Both make clear that disaster recovery is a long term affair that needs sustained support from the international community.
Grenada's housing target is the reconstruction of 1,000 homes in 2005. As of March, only 23 homes had been rebuilt with government assistance, with another 50 under construction. It is estimated that some 10,000 homes will need to be constructed with public aid.
With thousands of people traumatized by the disaster, the need to deal with the psychosocial dimension of this crisis has become an important element of the recovery process, which the government is trying to address by formulating a national wellness programme.
Among positive developments, having received relatively high funding and attention from the international community, the education sector is on the road to recovery. All schools have reopened, although some are operating in shifts. Most buildings have made at least temporary repairs.
For further information
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA):
Gerard Gomez, Regional Disaster Response Advisor (Panama), Tel. +507 317 1748, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org;
United Nations Development Programme(UNDP):
Theo Gittens, Communications Officer (New York), Tel. + 1 212 906 5013, E-mail: email@example.com;
Michelle Gyles-McDonnough, Coordinator, UNDP Liaison Office, St. George's, Grenada, Tel: +473 439 5599, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.