Refugees & Migrants Sea Arrivals in Europe - Monthly Data Update: September 2016
In 2015, a significant number of refugees and migrants made the journey across the Mediterranean Sea risking their lives to reach Europe. More than one million people arrived on unseaworthy boats last year while the number of those arriving in 2016 significantly decreased after March. As of 30 September 2016, some 303,838 people had crossed the Mediterranean Sea to Europe. Of those reaching European shores so far this year, 61% were nationals of the world’s top 10 refugee-producing countries.
In September 2016, 21,222 refugees and migrants arrived by sea through the Mediterranean. Among those, 3,080 people arrived to Greece, 16,975 people to Italy and 1,167 people arrived to Spain. Total arrivals to Greece, Italy and Spain in September decreased by 17% compared to the previous month, (25,611). But the total arrival trend to those three countries decreased by 87% compared to the same month in 2015 (163,504), largely due to the greater number of arrivals last year through the Eastern Mediterranean route.
Between January and September 2016, 303,838 people arrived by sea, including 166,824 to Greece, 132,043 to Italy and 4,971 to Spain. This constitutes a 42% decrease compared to the same period in 2015 (519,936).
In September 2016, the top three countries of origin of arrivals were Nigeria, Bangladesh and Côte d'Ivoire.
So far in 2016, the majority of arrivals are from the Syrian Arab Republic (26.2%), Afghanistan (13.6%),
Nigeria (8.9%), Iraq (8.5%), Eritrea (5.2%), Pakistan (3.2%), Côte d'Ivoire (3.2%), Guinea (3.1%) and Gambia (3.0%).