Ghana

Assessment of Food Security and Vulnerability of HIV-Affected Households in Selected Regions in Ghana

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Executive Summary

Background:

Guided by evidence from scientific studies, the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has since the early 2000s developed various HIV policies to guide its interventions. The WFP has contributed integrally to the area of “food and nutritional support” an area now widely recognized as critical in enabling treatment uptake and adherence, and thus treatment success.
In Ghana, a gap analysis report of the WFP in Accra in 2010 revealed that key stakeholders engaged in prevention, care, and support for People Living with HIV (PLHIV) agreed that nutrition/food security is critical to mitigating the socio-economic impact on PLHIVs and those affected. They, however, noted the lack of information needed for nutrition-driven interventions for PLHIV in the country. Following this, a nationwide survey done in 2011, presented national data on food security and vulnerability among HIV-affected households. The 2011 survey was instrumental in the effective targeting of PLHIV for food assistance through the Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO), in which about 15,000 HIV-affected households received assistance. The year 2018 marked the transitional period between the end of WPF’s Country Programme and a new 5-year Country Strategic Plan (CSP) spanning 2019-2023 would be developed. Data from the 2018 survey informed the development of the 2019-2023 CSP.

Objectives: The 2018 survey assessed food insecurity and vulnerability status of HIV-affected households in four regions of Ghana to enable WFP and other stakeholders glean relevant information on the food security profile of PLHIVs in Ghana and better tailor future strategies and interventions to address the problem.