Currently, the most important international declaration concerning the effectiveness of development aid is the Paris Declaration (2005). The declaration presents several principles of aid effectiveness, a framework for mutual responsibility, and names several indicators used when evaluating improvement. Below, we will try to examine two projects through the prism of crucial elements of Aid Effectiveness (AE) which were put together by the Paris Declaration. The study tries to contextualize generally formulated AE policies in specific cases of Caritas Czech Republic (CCR) development interventions.
The intention of the study is to demonstrate the functioning of certain factors of effectiveness in the area of Agriculture and Rural Development (ARD) by using specific examples. The methodological framework of the study is provided by the Global Donor Platform for Rural Development (GDPRD) report, "CSOs and Aid Effectiveness in Agriculture and Rural Development." The study mentioned above was created as informational background for the OECD DAC Advisory Group on Civil Society in cooperation with several hundred local, national and international CSOs and is a result of consultations with ministry representatives of 50 developing countries and 30 donor organizations. The broad range of opinions and experience was intended to help reveal the main challenges to aid effectiveness. The consultations were directed at the following relations:
- between Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) and the citizens whom they represent;
- between CSOs and the governments in their countries;
- between CSOs and donors;
- between CSOs at the national level;
- between CSOs from developing and developed countries.
Important aspects resulting from the relations examined include:
- the proximity and firmness of relations between rural CSOs and rural inhabitants in the area;
- the need for greater and closer cooperation in the AE area with other stakeholders;
- insufficient understanding and respect towards the role of CSOs and other stakeholders;
- the examination of new CSOs' participation modalities