Georgia

Georgia: Floods Emergency Appeal No. 05EA011 Operations Update No. 2

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Situation Report
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In Brief

Appeal No. 05EA011; Operations Update no. 2; Period covered: 1 August to 30 September 2005

Appeal target: The original appeal budget was 467,007 (USD 367,722 or EUR 301,295). With this operations update, the appeal budget has been revised to CHF 403,725.23 (USD 317,894 or EUR 260,468). Current income is CHF 344,893.50 (DREF allocation CHF 50,000 is included) and revised appeal coverage is 85 %. Outstanding needs are CHF 58,831.73 (Please click here to go directly to the attached revised budget).

Appeal history:

The emergency appeal was launched on 24 May 2005 for CHF 467,007 (USD 367,722 or EUR 301,295) in cash, kind, or services to assist 16,000 beneficiaries.

Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 50,000.

Outstanding needs: CHF 58,831.73 (USD 46,324 or EUR 37,956)

Related Emergency or Annual Appeals:

Operational Summary:

In Spring 2005, heavy rains, floods and landslides have affected adversely the population and infrastructure, adding to the existing deficits in the health, water and sanitation services as a result of long-term economic decline , in the western Georgia regions of Racha-Lechkhumi, Lower (Kvemo) Svaneti, Imereti and Samegrelo-Upper (Zemo) Svaneti.

The Oni water supply system in Racha-Lechkumi region, for instance, has collapsed. In addition, heavy landslides in Svaneti region, in the northwest, blocked the roads to Mestia region and left its population unreachable for several weeks The Red Cross Society of Georgia, supported by the Federation country Delegation, has responded to the needs of the population in the floods-affected regions and distributed food and non-food items in Mestia , Khulo and Oni regions.

800 hundred food parcels were donated by the Turkish Red Crescent Society and also 5,600 hygiene kits were distributed among the most affected population in Mestia, Oni and Khulo regions (4,800 hygiene kits were delivered to Mestia, 750 kits were distributed in Khulo and two kindergartens of Oni region received the remaining 50 kits). In addition, the Red Cross Society of Georgia distributed jerry cans kindly donated by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to some 950 households in Oni, so that the population can collect and store water from natural spring sources located several kilometres away from the town.

The Federation also employed a technical consultant to evaluate the feasibility of rehabilitation of the water supply system in Oni. The scope of workers and price list for the construction work was developed and a construction company was selected to carry out the works.

Donor response to the emergency appeal has been CHF 344,893.50 which is 74% of the initial appeal budget and 85% of the revised appeal budget. Additionally, CHF 58,831.73 (USD 46,324 or EUR 37,956) is required to enable the International Federation to achieve all the set objectives by the end of this year.

Background

Heavy rainfall, warm temperatures and a sudden onset of seasonal snow melt resulted in floods in the western Georgian regions of Racha-Lechkhumi, Lower (Kvemo) Svaneti, Imereti and Samegrelo-Upper (Zemo) Svaneti on 25-26 April 2005. On 27-30 April, the eastern regions of Inner (Shida) Kartli, Lower (Kvemo) Kartli, Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Adjara and part of Samtskhe-Javakheti were also affected. Landslides and mudflows have occurred in many mountainous areas. While fortunately there has been no loss of human life, the damage to already poor infrastructure, residential buildings and agriculture has been extensive. Populations from a number of villages have been relocated due to fears for their safety. Families from damaged or destroyed houses have mostly found temporary shelter with relatives, friends, or neighbors. Transport infrastructure has been heavily affected also. Many bridges and kilometers of road have been washed away isolating some of the villages. On 28 April 2005, the Georgian government appealed for international assistance. On the same day (28 April 2005), the Federation launched a minor emergency alert to inform the international community of the disaster.

CHF 50,000 was allocated from the Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) and a Field Assessment and Coordination Team (FACT) was deployed to collect information on the scale of damage, identify the needs, recommend on Red Cross action and initiate an appropriate response to the disaster. Based on FACT team findings, on 24 May 2005, the Federation launched an emergency appeal to help 16,000 people in Mestia region (16 villages), Oni and Khulo for seven months.

Operational developments

Donor response to the initial emergency appeal budget has been 74%. The DREF allocated CHF 50,000 (actual expense was more than the allocated fund and totalled to CHF 57,093.80) and this amount was spent for FACT mission early in May. The first contributions from the Finnish Red Cross (CHF 49,408) and the Swedish Red Cross (CHF 67,320) arrived within a week after the appeal was launched. In addition, CHF 90,400 was donated by the British Red Cross (funding arrived at the beginning of June 2005). In July 2005, the German Red Cross donated further CHF 82,672.49 and in September, the Icelandic Red Cross has contributed CHF 5,093.01.

Unfortunately, repeated heavy rains in some regions of Georgia triggered more landslides and mudflows and caused further damage to the already poor infrastructure. The Red Cross Society of Georgia delivered food and non-food items to the particularly affected regions.

The Red Cross Society of Georgia has completed distribution of 800 food parcels and 4,800 hygiene kits (six month ratio) in Mestia region as well as 750 hygiene kits in Khulo region to flood-affected households. Two representatives from the Secretariat of the Red Cross Society of Georgia and the Federation Field Officer monitored the distribution process. At the same time, the Red Cross Society of Georgia distributed 1,900 jerry cans to some 950 households so that the population can collect and store water from the natural spring sources located several kilometres away from the town.

In addition, the Red Cross Society of Georgia is preparing to conduct public health and hygiene campaigns through a network of community volunteers. A training curriculum for volunteers has been already developed and community training will start soon.

In order to reach planned objectives, the national society has employed health & care and first aid coordinators in August 2005. The health & care coordinator visited the Armenian Red Cross to share experience in health and care activities as well as to discuss training modules for health/hygiene promotion campaigns. In addition, the Federation has employed a technical consultant to evaluate the feasibility of rehabilitation of the water supply system in Oni (Racha-Lechkhumi region). The consultant together with a local geologist and an engineer from the state planning agency visited Oni to assess the condition of the water supply system there. Their findings indicated that it is more durable to build a new system there instead of investing into rehabilitation of the old one, which was first partially damaged by April floods and has then been destroyed by the June 2005 floods. The scope of workers and price list for the construction work has been developed. The construction company "Mshenebeli - XXI" was contracted to carry out the works.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

Mr. Giorgi Gigiberia, Secretary General of the Georgian Red Cross; phone +995 32 940 650; Fax +995 32 960 698; email ggigiberia@redcross.ge

Mr. Ashot Sargsyan, Federation representative in Georgia; phone +995 32 922 248; Fax +995 32 922 249;email ashot.sargsyan@ifrc.org

Ms. Sylvie Chevalley,Regional Officer for Turkey, Southern Caucasus and Central Asia, Federation Secretariat, Geneva, phone + 41 22 730 4276 email sylvie.chevalley@ifrc.org

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for a full description of the national society profile, please access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org

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