Georgia Floods Appeal no. 05EA011 Final Report


The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 183 countries.
In Brief

Final Report; Period covered: 24 May 2005 to 31 March 2006; Final appeal coverage: 85.4 %

Appeal history:

- Appeal was launched on 24 May 2005 for CHF 467,007 (USD 386,405 or EUR 301,170) for 7 months to assist 16,000 beneficiaries.

- Original Appeal budget was revised to CHF 403,725 (USD 334,225 or EUR 260,370). Operation was extended by three months to 31 March, 2006. Final Report is therefore due on 30 June 2006.

- Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 50,000 (USD 41,380 or EUR 32,230).

This operation is aligned with the International Federation's Global Agenda, which sets out four broad goals to meet the Federation's mission to "improve the lives of vulnerable pe ople by mobilizing the power of humanity".

Global Agenda Goals:

- Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

- Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public he alth emergencies.

- Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

- Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.

For longer-term programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the Federation's website at

For longer-term programmes, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal.

Background and Summary

Torrential rainfall and subsequent rapid melting of abnormally high levels of snow resulted in severe flooding and landslides in the Eastern and Western Georgian regions of Kvemo Kartli, Racha-Lechkumi, Lower (Kvemo) Svaneti, Imereti and Samegrelo-Upper (Zemo) Svaneti on 25 30 April, 2005. While there has been no loss of human lives, basic infrastructure (roads, electricity lines and communication) were seriously damaged because of the rising water levels and resulting landslides. The Oni water headwork and trunk pipeline system in Racha- Lechkumi region demolished. As a result, the majority of the population had been forced to use natural springs. Populations from a number of villages were relocated due to fears for their safety. Families from damaged and destroyed houses found temporary shelter with their relatives or friends. Heavy landslides blocked the roads to Metsia district for several weeks.

To respond to the needs of the population in flood-affected areas, on 28 April 2005, the Georgian government appealed for international assistance. On the same day, the Federation launched a minor emergency alert to inform the international community of the disaster. CHF 50,000 was allocated from the Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF). A Field Assessment and Coordination Team (FACT) was deployed to collect information on the scale of damage and identify the needs. Based on the findings, on 24 May 2005, the Federation launched an emergency appeal to assist 16,000 people in Mestia district (16 villages), Oni, Akhmeta and Khulo forseven months <please click here to read the emergency appeal and the full report of FACT team.

Donor response to the emergency appeal has been adequate. In total, the income was CHF 344,894 (USD 285,575 or EUR 222,420), which was 73.9% of the initial appeal budget and 85.4% of the revised appeal budget. Additionally, CHF 58,831 (USD 48,430 or EUR 37,980) was required to enable the International Federation to achieve all set objectives. But not all planned activities were implemented because the initial appeal target was not achieved as well as the problems with the state tax regulations.

The first contribution from the Finnish Red Cross (CHF 49,408) and the Swedish Red Cross (CHF 67,320) arrived within a week after the appeal was launched. In addition, CHF 90,400 was donated by the British Red Cross (funding arrived at the beginning of June 2005). In July 2005, the German Red Cross donated further CHF 82,672 and in September, the Icelandic Red Cross contributed CHF 5,093.

Supported by the Federation Country Delegation, the Red Cross Society of Georgia has responded to the needs of the population in the floods-affected regions and distributed food and non-food items in Kvemo Kartli (east Georgia), Mestia, Khulo and Oni regions (west Georgia) donated by the Iranian and Turkish Red Crescent Societies. The items were distributed to 240 persons in Kvemo Kartli region. In July 2005, 800 food parcels donated by the Turkish Red Crescent Society and also 5,600 hygiene kits were distributed among the most affected population in Mestia, Oni and Khulo regions (4,800 hygiene kits were delivered to Mestia, 750 kits were distributed in Khulo and two kindergartens of Oni region received the remaining 50 kits).

In addition, the Red Cross Society of Georgia distributed jerry cans donated by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to some 950 households in Oni, so that the population collected and stored water from the natural spring sources located several kilometres away from the town. The Red Cross Society of Georgia also conducted three public health and hygiene campaigns through a network of community volunteers. The volunteers participated in the Training of Trainers (ToT) sessions held in their regions (Akhmeta, Khulo, Mestia and Oni). The first part of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) survey has also been filled out. It has revealed knowledge, attitude and practice habit of the trained participants related to the hygiene and HIV/AIDS fields. Moreover, based on this KAP survey, the abstract on HIV/AIDS stigma has been selected for the poster exhibition in the XVI International AIDS Conference in Canada.

Additionally, the Federation started to build a new water supply system in Oni, which lasted about five months. The shortage of funds prevented the Federation to complete the construction works on the whole and as some activities of the project have not completed yet, it is too early to talk about the impact.

The implemented activities, though, has been productive. In spite of the fact that Georgia is a disaster prone country and the mechanisms to cope with the effects of natural hazards are weak and preparedness to a large-scale disaster is poor, the Red Cross reached the success in advocating to the government on importance of examining how the best to address the situation of persons living at high risk. Moreover, public education campaigns and training sessions arranged by the National Society reduced the epidemic risk.


While responding to the disaster, the Federation Delegation in Georgia had close cooperation with a number of government and non-governmental organizations involving in the response operation to help the floods-affected population. The government-working group, with the membership of Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Internal Affairs, was formed under the leadership of the Prime Minister to assess the flood damage as well as coordinate receipt and distribution of international humanitarian assistance. The Federation and the ICRC regularly attended the DMT meetings together with other international organizations involved in disaster management.

The main function of the DMT meetings was to help ensure adequate and effective international assistance to complement the actions of the Government. The FACT team was regularly attending the DMT meetings to share findings and coordination action. Other actors involved in the floods operation were: World Food Program (WFP), Food and Agriculture Organisation, CHF International - Georgia, World Vision, Accion Contra el Hambre (ACH), United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR), Adventist Development and Relief Agency International and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). WFP has been working in Georgia for a long time and has been focusing primarily on food distribution programmes implemented through ACH and World Vision. They distributed food commodities from their contingency stocks to 28,000 worst flood-affected people to cover their daily food requirements for two months. Therefore, to avoid competition and duplication of efforts with WFP, the Federation did not appeal for food.

The Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) procured 150 tonnes of potato seeds, a variety that rapidly yields to maturity to distribute to 1,500 families of Mestia region. CHF International - Georgia, supported the procurement and distribution of additional 35 tonnes of potato seeds and least 29,200 litre of diesel for Upper Svaneti region and a total 138 tonnes of potato seeds, 2,6 tonnes of maize seeds and one tonne of beans for Lower Svaneti/Racha- Lechkhumi regions. UNICEF covered immunization and distribution of medical kits to floods affected families.

Based on the bilateral contract between the Red Cross Society of Georgia and OXFAM, the sewage and water supply systems were rehabilitated in Khulo for 4 villages.

Through the DMT, the Federation was collaborating with the Government on the emergency related actions. The FACT team members had a regular contact with the Emergency Situations and Civil Safety Service (ESCSS) of the Ministry of Interior, Local Governance and Regional Policy Service under the President's Administration to share information collected from the regions.

For further information please contact:

In Georgia: George Gigiberia, Secretary General, Georgia Red Cross Society, phone: (995 32) 961 534; fax: (995 32) 953 304; email:

In Georgia: Ekaterine Kristesashvili, Acting Head of Office, Federation Delegation in Tbilisi, phone: (995 32) 252 713; fax: (995 32) 922 249; email:

In Turkey: Stefan Seebacher, Head of Regional Delegation, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Turkey and Southern Caucasus Regional Delegation; phone:90 312 441 42 92; fax: 90 312 441 38 66; email:

In Geneva: Sylvie Chevalley, regional officer, Europe department, Federation Secretariat; phone: 41 22 730 4276; fax: 41 22 733 03 95; email:

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

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