U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)
Note: The last fact sheet was dated August 18, 2008.
- As of August 19, international media report few significant signs of Russian troops withdrawing from Georgia, despite pledges to begin pulling back to pre-conflict areas beginning August 18. In contrast, multiple reports cite new checkpoints, trenches, and barricades around Gori and Karaleti towns in Shida Kartli Region.
- International donors have pledged nearly $30.5 million in humanitarian assistance to Georgia to date, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) as of August 19. On August 18, the U.N. released a flash appeal calling for $58.5 million to address humanitarian needs of approximately 128,700 beneficiaries within Georgia for up to six months as a result of the ongoing conflict. Noting that the Government of the Russian Federation (GoRF) has not requested international assistance, the appeal does not include an additional estimated 30,000 people who fled South Ossetia for areas within Russia.
- To date, the USG has provided nearly $9.3 million in humanitarian assistance for the ongoing complex emergency in Georgia. The total includes more than $2.8 million in U.S. Department of State Office of the Coordinator of U.S. Assistance to Europe and Eurasia (State/EUR/ACE) emergency relief commodities; nearly $1.7 million from USAID/OFDA for emergency relief supplies and emergency food commodities; and more than $4.7 million in U.S. European Command (EUCOM) flights and Department of Defense emergency relief commodities.
NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
|Newly Displaced Persons in Georgia||
|U.N. Georgia Flash Appeal - August 18, 2008|
|Newly Displaced Persons in Russia||
|U.N. Georgia Flash Appeal - August 18, 2008|
FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE
USAID/OFDA Assistance to Georgia: $1,696,396
State/EUR/ACE Assistance to Georgia: $2,844,581
DOD Assistance to Georgia: $4,746,462
Total USAID, State, and DOD Humanitarian Assistance to Georgia: $9,287,439
- As of August 18, access to Gori town and additional locations in Georgia may be improving, according to OCHA. Although the damaged rail line between Gori and Tbilisi has temporarily halted rail transit, a humanitarian corridor is now operational on the major east-west highway across the country, allowing the distribution of humanitarian relief to Gori and as far west as Poti, along the Black Sea.
- On August 18, the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) delivered tents, blankets, kitchen sets, and water containers to the town of Batumi in a previously inaccessible area in western Georgia. According to UNHCR field staff, between 20,000 and 25,000 people in western and central Georgia are in need of emergency assistance.
- To date, South Ossetia remains inaccessible to U.N. agencies and other relief organizations, including the International Federation of the Red Cross (ICRC). In an August 19 update, ICRC noted that the organization is hopeful that it will soon be granted access to South Ossetia.
- On August 18, OCHA reported that the Government of Georgia (GoG) has identified hygiene kits, food, and safe drinking water as priority needs. U.N. agencies, donor governments, and relief agencies have sent 42 flights and convoys of emergency relief commodities to Georgia to date, and 11 shipments are currently in the pipeline.
- In North Ossetia, the GoRF Ministry of Emergency Situations reports providing more than 997 metric tons (MTs) of emergency relief commodities to date, including 525 MTs of food, 30 MTs of medicine, 22 MTs of medical equipment, and 11 MTs of hygiene kits. GoRF relief officials also report delivering water purification units, drinking water, generators, and reconstruction equipment, according to OCHA.
- In South Ossetia, GoRF reports providing 609 MTs of humanitarian assistance to date, including 362 MTs of food, 5 MTs of medicine, 12 MTs of fuel, as well as water purification units, drinking water, and reconstruction materials. GoRF teams have reportedly deployed to Tskhinvali in South Ossetia and are working to repair damaged water, gas, and electricity systems. De-mining teams report clearing 51 unexploded ordnance to date. According to the U.N. World Food Program (WFP), GoRF has reported that, since August 12, an estimated 13,600 displaced people have returned to South Ossetia from the Russian Federation.
- ICRC is continuing to provide medical assistance and distribute emergency assistance to conflict-affected Georgians. As of August 19, ICRC has delivered 445 tons of assistance, including food, blankets, medicine and water treatment equipment, to Tbilisi to meet the needs of an estimated 25,000 people for one month.