1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The situation in Georgia has changed since the first version of the Flash Appeal in August 2008, with a clearer picture of displacement from the conflict. Whilst some 68,000 of the estimated 127,499 persons displaced in Georgia from South Ossetia and Abkhazia by the conflict have now been able to return home, a significant proportion remains displaced. According to an inter-agency assessment to South Ossetia, most of those displaced to North Ossetia have now also returned. An estimated 10-15,000 remain displaced within South Ossetia.
Access to villages in the Russian-controlled areas adjacent to the administrative border with South Ossetia (henceforth: adjacent areas) is improving but still tenuous. Confirmed reports of instances of violence – intimidation, looting, and other threats to civilians – continue. Ongoing displacement from villages nearest the South Ossetian border, inside the zone controlled by Russian troops, has been reported. Much is expected of the EU observer mission, due to deploy on 1 October, in terms of fostering a secure environment conducive to return.
Based upon improved assessments and access, humanitarian organisations working in Georgia have revised the Flash Appeal which was launched on 18 August. Refinements to food security, health and nutrition, protection, and shelter activities in particular have been conducted, as well as the introduction of a range of early recovery initiatives. These refinements have paralleled and informed the Joint Needs Assessment (JNA), which was conducted in early September at the behest of the Georgian Government by, amongst others, the UN system, the World Bank, and the European Commission.
In addition to infrastructural and macro-economic needs, the three-year JNA also identified social needs associated with conflict-affected people (including education and health, agriculture and livelihoods, shelter and protection). This revised Flash Appeal, in addition to being a planning, fundraising and advocacy document in its own right, is thus also a part of the JNA and corresponds to the first six months of the JNA's timeframe. For this reason, the revised Appeal has a planning and budgeting horizon of seven and a half months, instead of the usual six, to the end of March 2009.
Working in close collaboration with the Georgian Government, and following best practices in humanitarian coordination, the Humanitarian Country Team has prepared this revised Flash Appeal to cover the identified and estimated needs of a projected caseload of 127,499 displaced persons and returnees through March 2009. The Flash Appeal also includes assistance to communities who remained in conflict-affected areas, in order to promote immediate recovery, secure sustainable return and support the implementation of the three-year JNA. Projects are organised in eight clusters: Early Recovery; Food Security; Health; Logistics; Protection; Shelter and Non-Food Items; Water, Sanitation and Hygiene; and Coordination and Support Services.
Humanitarian needs in South Ossetia, other than those ably responded to by EMERCOM, were assessed by a UN inter-agency mission in mid-September and found to be limited. Given the assessment results and the continuing difficulty in accessing South Ossetia from the south, the needs for that region are not covered by the plans in this revision. However, projects addressing the humanitarian needs in South Ossetia may be developed and published separately in the near future.
The most acute phase of the violence has passed, but without a political resolution the humanitarian situation retains elements of unpredictability. In close coordination with the Georgian Government, the UN system, participating non-governmental organisations and other partners, this revised Flash Appeal seeks US$ 109,311,307. Partners have indicated that $33,585,781 is already available for their proposed projects, leaving an outstanding requirement of $75,725,526. The appeal includes 54 NGO projects, 42 UN projects, and nine projects of the International Organization for Migration.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Table I. Summary of Requirements – By Sector
Table II. Summary of Requirements – By Priority
Table III. Summary of Requirements – By Organisation
2. CONTEXT AND HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES
2.2 MAIN ASSESSMENTS UNDERPINNING THE REVISED FLASH APPEAL
2.3 RESPONSE TO DATE
2.4 HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES AND NEEDS ANALYSIS
3. RESPONSE PLANS
3.1 EARLY RECOVERY/LIVELIHOODS
3.2 FOOD SECURITY
3.6 SHELTER AND NON-FOOD ITEMS
3.7 WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE (WASH
3.8 COORDINATION AND SUPPORT SERVICES
4. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
Table IV. List of Projects – By Cluster
Table V. List of Projects – By Appealing Organisation
Table VI. Total Funding per Donor to project listed in the Appeal
Table VII. Summary of Requirements – By IASC Standard Sector
ANNEX I. CATEGORISATION OF PROJECTS IN THE REVISED FLASH APPEA
ANNEX II. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
Please note that appeals are revised regularly. The latest version of this document is available on http://www.humanitarianappeal.net
Note: The full text of this appeal is available on-line in Adobe Acrobat (pdf) format and may also be downloaded in zipped MS Word format.
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- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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