FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Early crop prospects favourable
- Humanitarian assistance continues to be needed
Growing conditions remain mostly favourable
Prospects for the 2016 cereal crops, to be harvested from September, are favourable in most regions following regular and widespread precipitation since the beginning of the season in July/August. Millet, sorghum and upland rice crops are developing satisfactorily, while transplanting of swamp rice is underway.
The 2015 aggregate cereal production was estimated at about 239 000 tonnes, 37 percent higher than the 2014 harvest and 9 percent above the five‑year average. Production of groundnuts, the main cash crop, is estimated to have increased by about 13 percent compared to the previous year’s crop. In 2014, growing conditions for cereal crops and pastures were poor in several parts of the country, mostly in central and western regions, due to irregular rains at the beginning of the cropping season in May/June, which delayed plantings, and subsequent erratic precipitation in July and August. As a result, aggregate 2014 cereal production was estimated to have declined by about 21 percent to 174 000 tonnes compared to the average.
Access to food constrained by high prices of imported food commodities
The Gambia, in a normal year, relies on imports for nearly half of its cereal consumption requirements (mostly rice and wheat) and domestic cereal prices are strongly affected by world prices and the exchange rate of the Dalasi (GMD), the national currency. The Dalasi has depreciated significantly over the past few years, which has put an upward pressure on domestic prices of imported food commodities. As a result, access to food continues to be difficult for several segments of the population.
Continued assistance still needed, especially for vulnerable people
The combined effects of the recent Sahel food crises, localized heavy flooding in 2012 and 2013, and drought in 2014, have eroded vulnerable households’ coping mechanisms and resulted in protracted food insecurity in pockets of the country and persisting acute malnutrition.
About 60 726 people were estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above, according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis conducted in the country. Child malnutrition is also a cause of concern. Chronic malnutrition ranges between 13.9 and 30.7 percent with the North Bank Region and the Central River Region surpassing the ’critical’ threshold of 30 percent.