Gambia: Ebola Virus preparedness Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) DREF Operation n° MDRGM009


A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

In February 2014, there was an outbreak of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in Guinea, which has spread to Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal and Sierra Leone causing untold hardship and hundreds of deaths in these countries. As of 6 March 2015, a total of 24,282 cases, and 9,976 deaths, which were attributed to the EVD, had been recorded across the most affected countries of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), an outbreak of the EVD was also reported, but is considered of a different origin than that which has affected West Africa.

On 29 August 2014, following the confirmation of the EVD in neighbouring Senegal, the Gambia, which shares a border with this country, triggered the Gambia Red Cross Society (GRCS) to initiate measures to prevent and prepare for an occurrence of the virus, which included:

  • Awareness raising, information sharing and communication linked to community social mobilization activities.

  • Strengthening of epidemiological surveillance in collaboration with the health structure of the areas concerned.

  • Coordination and integration of activities with the Ministry of Health (MoH).

  • Participation in the National Task Force.

This DREF has been partially replenished by the Canadian Red Cross/Government. Major donors and partners of the DREF include the Red Cross Societies and governments of Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden and the USA, as well as DG ECHO, the UK Department for International Development (DFID) the Medtronic, Zurich and Coca Cola Foundations and other corporate and private donors.