Collaborative Disaster Risk Reduction: Action at the frontline Kanifing Municipal Council (KMC), The Gambia

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The case study undertaken by the Children and Community Initiative for Development (CAID), is to sum up the Action at the Frontline (AFL) Gambia project. This project was conducted with the local communities to raise knowledge and experience of their environment and for them to design disaster mitigation and adaptation strategies.

Kanifing Municipal Council (KMC) is the economic hub of the Gambia and it is densely populated. Over the years, the Municipality has been experiencing quite a significant number of disaster events of both natural and anthropogenic origins. The statistical data hazard profile of the Gambia and its vulnerability and capacity assessment report shows that disasters are related to drought, floods, locust invasion, environmental degradation and epidermis. It is therefore a need to substantiate the fact by conducting the Action at the Frontline (AFL) project with the local communities to raise their knowledge and experience of the environment for them to tap in designing disaster mitigation and adaptation strategies.

Hence, this case study is to help motivate and empower local communities to take appropriate actions and ownership of the process of disaster risk reduction. It is an action and research learning process breaking down people’s vulnerability into smaller elements (hazards, shocks, causes, differences in vulnerabilities etc) between people in a systematic process to enhance understanding and to take rightful actions.