Rising needs: Following poor performing spring rains, the number of people receiving humanitarian assistance has increased from 5.6 million to 7.8 million in the first quarter of the year, and is expected to heighten further in the second half of the year. Increased funding is needed urgently, to address immediate requirements for food and nutrition, as well as clean drinking water.
Increasing Therapeutic Feeding Program admissions: According to the Nutrition Cluster, at least 108,989 severely malnourished children under-5 were treated in therapeutic feeding program (TFP) sites across all affected areas between January and April 2017. Compared to the first quarter intakes from 2011 to 2017, only 2016 presented a higher intake during this period.
Fall Armyworm Infestation: The Fall Armyworm infestation continues to destroy meher/summer crops across 233 districts in six regions, and it is spreading at an alarming rate. The pest has already affected more than 145,000 hectares of maize cropland, mostly in traditionally surplus producing areas.
With the current pace, up to 2 million hectares are at risk. The implication of this loss is multi-layered, impacting household food security and national grain reserve.
How World Vision is responding: WVE is mobilizing internal and external resources in responding to the current drought. So far US $14. 6 m raised to respond in WASH, Nutrition, livelihood and Education sectors addressing 885,587 people of which 546,499 are children.
HUMANITARIAN SITUATION OVERVIEW
Late Limited Rain: The drought affected South Eastern region of the country has got some good amount of rainfall only in the last decade of April and in the first decade of May, and as a result the cumulative seasonal rainfall was recorded up to 60 percent below average. Although late season rains had a positive impact on forage and water resources, vegetation conditions remain poor. Improvements in the region seems temporary as the dry season has already started in June. With the next rainy season starting in October, rangeland and livestock conditions are expected to further deteriorate in the coming months. The severe forage and water deficits resulted in extremely poor livestock body conditions, high animal mortality rates and a sharp decline of milk production
Increasing Acute Watery (AWD)/Diarrhoea cases : The steady decline in the trend of AWD in Ethiopia seen between mid-April and mid-May has reversed. Between mid-May and July 11, 2017, an increasing number of AWD cases seen. In week ending on 11 June 2017, a total of 1,080 cases were reported from Amhara, Oromia and Somali; compared to the 567 cases registered in week ending 21 May 2017. Sixty-one percent of the registered cases during the reporting week came from Somali region. As of 11 June 2017, a total of 36,750 cases including 780 deaths (case fatality rate 2.1%) have been reported since the beginning of 2017. Six regions, Somali, Oromia, Amhara, Afar, SNNP, and Tigray have been affected. The Somali region remains the most affected, accounting for 90% and 96% of the cases and deaths respectively.