Following the take-over of Nasir – a border town in Upper Nile State of South Sudan - by South Sudanese Government forces, an estimated 10,500 asylum seekers arrived in Ethiopian entry point of Burbei by 5 May. UNICEF is among the partners supporting response led by UNHCR at this
UNHCR reports that as of 5 May 2014, 100,792 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Gambella Region of Ethiopia. From these, 89 per cent have been relocated to the refugee camps of Leitchor, Kule, Pugnido and Okugo. The planning figure of the refugee from South Sudan, currently 150,000, is under revision.
As of 5 May 2014, Leitchor refugee camp is accommodating 46,729 refugees while Kule refugee camp is accommodating 44,078 refugees. There is a remaining backlog of 10,261 refugees.
Vaccination continues in Akobo, Pagak and Burbei entry points and Leitchor and Kule refugee camps. As of 2 May, 62,635 children were vaccinated against measles, 40,587 children received oral polio vaccines and 29,790 children received vitamin A supplementation.
Joint measles and polio vaccination campaign has started on 3 May targeting 196,074 children for measles and 212,360 children for polio at the host community and refugee camps in Gambella Region.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
102,463 South Sudanese refugees arrived in Ethiopia since 15 December - 95% are women and children (UNHCR, 5 May 2014)
62,635 children are vaccinated against measles
Priority 2014 UNICEF Humanitarian Funding needs:
US$36.08 million – 14% funded
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
As of 5 May, 102,463 South Sudanese refugees have arrived into Ethiopia, mainly through Akobo and Pagak entry points in Gambella Region.
Following the take-over of Nasir by South Sudanese Government forces, an estimated 10 500 asylum seekers arrived in Ethiopian entry point of Burbei on 5 May. No estimates are available on the number of women and children although reportedly the new influx has higher proportion of adult men. IOM, UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP and are on the ground to conduct a rapid assessment in Burbei. Humanitarian partners are scaling up the response in all sectors. UNICEF is supporting vaccination units, strengthening of the health services provision and hygiene and sanitation services at Burbei.
A joint mission including the Regional Government, ARRA, UNHCR, UNICEF, UNOCHA, WFP and selected NGOs conducted on 24 April an assessment on the humanitarian needs of approximately 600 asylum seekers who crossed the border in Wanke entry point - 31 kilometres from Kule refugee camp. The asylum seekers - mostly women and children who have fled their homes in the Upper Nile State - will be relocated 15 km from the border and will be assisted in non-camp setting together with the host community.
During the first week of May, in view of the rainy season that may increase a threat of Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) occurrence, the health and WASH partners reviewed the interagency contingency plan for AWD preparedness for the refugees as well as the host communities.
Partners are mobilizing resources and scaling up the emergency response. Considering the rainy season, the refugees have been relocated to higher grounds in Leitchor and Kule refugee camps. An additional plot has been allocated to extend the capacity of Kule refugee camp.