The National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) estimates that the number of drought affected people will reach 7.6 million, an increase by 2 million from the number of 5.6 million beneficiaries estimated in the January 2017 HRD.
As part of the joint partners’ AWD response in Somali region, UNICEF is deploying four multi-sectoral teams in four priority zones and has deployed an additional health specialist to support case treatment centre (CTC) set-up and infection prevention interventions. A total of 31 CTC kits are already pre-positioned in Somali region.
UNICEF dispatched 62 emergency drug kits to Somali region for 29 mobile health nutrition teams which can support a minimum of 155,000 people to access medical services for three months.
UNHCR is projecting a huge influx of South Sudanese refugees (100,000 – 250,000) over the coming weeks. UNICEF is preparing a contingency plan for the potential influx of 100,000 refugees.
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
The National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) reports that the current number of food beneficiaries has reached 7.6 million, an increase by 2 million from the 5.6 million beneficiaries estimated at the beginning of the year. The upcoming Belg/Gu seasonal assessment will verify this estimated increase in the number of people requiring food aid assistance. The NDRMC has reactivated the methodology sub-group to prepare for the Belg/Gu seasonal assessment, tentatively planned from 30 May to 15 June 2017. The assessment will cover all Belg/Gu rain receiving areas of Amhara, Tigray and Oromia and all parts of SNNP, Afar and Somali regions. The assessment findings will be the basis to review the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) expected to be released on 4 July 2017. The early release of the revised HRD will capture the impact of the Belg/Gu rains and enable the Humanitarian Country Team to respond in a timely manner. It will also help mobilize resources and prevent any food pipeline break.
With the arrival of rains in some parts of the country, there is a need for essential targeting of household water treatment and mass chlorination of water sources in areas of high acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) risk. The high number of established case treatment centres (CTCs), particularly in Somali region, require additional WASH resources for infection prevention and control including water supply, water storage, and latrines at these new facilities. These new water supply demands necessitate increased water trucking to provide minimum levels of water for CTCs and units. The WASH Cluster is currently undertaking assessments of the WASH situation in CTCs for prioritized facilities, with a plan to initiate maintenance and rehabilitation.
The Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that it expects at least 200,000 Ethiopian citizens to be repatriated from Saudi Arabia within the next two months. These Ethiopians are living in Saudi Arabia without residence and work permits and will be repatriated following the Saudi Government’s campaign of a 90-day amnesty period to help them leave the country without penalties. UNICEF is preparing a contingency plan to support the Government in receiving these returnees. In 2013, a similar situation occurred when more than 170,000 Ethiopians were repatriated from Saudi Arabia. Among the returnees, 40 per cent were women in addition to a significant number of children, unaccompanied minors, and migrants with serious health conditions. UNICEF supported the 2013 returnees with post arrival medical (provision of emergency drug kits) and psychological services, established breast feeding centres at the reception site in the Addis Ababa airport and had supported the Government, in coordination with IOM, in family tracing and reunification.
There have been reports of ongoing fighting in Jonglei state, South Sudan, which has triggered the movement of people towards the Ethiopian border. Whilst the inflows have been consistently recorded at the Pagak entry point over the past weeks on a smaller scale, information from Akobo indicates that a majority of the affected population have settled within South Sudan, along the Ethiopian border. UNHCR is projecting a huge influx (100,000 – 250,000) over the coming weeks. UNICEF is preparing a contingency plan for the potential influx of 100,000 South Sudanese refugees. Since September 2016, 85,072 new refugees have arrived. A new refugee camp, Gure Shembola camp in Benishangul-Gumuz region, is being established and will have an initial reception capacity of 15,000 refugees.
Ethiopia hosts more than 361,991 South Sudanese refugees in the Gambella region. In Somali region of Ethiopia, a total of 4,859 Somali refugees have arrived, on average 44 persons daily between 1 January and 28 April 2017. To date, Ethiopia hosts some 247,000 registered Somali refugees in Somali region. The Government’s Administration for Refugees and Returnees Affairs and UNHCR with support from humanitarian partners including UNICEF continue to provide assistance to the nearly 830,000 refugees in the country. The majority of refugees come from South Sudan, Somalia, Eritrea and Sudan.