Ethiopia + 3 more

UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #3 – Reporting Period March 2018

Situation Report
Originally published



▪ The Government of Ethiopia and UNOCHA launched the Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP) for Ethiopia appealing for US$1.66 billion to provide support for 7.9 million people in need.

▪ In January 2018, 26,004 children were treated for severe acute malnutrition, with 94.9 per cent cured.

▪ Following the measles outbreak in Arba Minch University in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People’s (SNNP) region, with UNICEF support, 5,550 university students (95 per cent coverage) and 5,867 children 6 to 23 months old (100 per cent coverage) were vaccinated against measles. No further cases were reported.

▪ The Government of Ethiopia reported that the residents of Moyale who fled to Kenya following clashes with Ethiopian security forces on 10 March are returning to their homes.

▪ UNICEF Ethiopia received US$1 million from the Government of Japan and US$6.4 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund to meet the needs of those currently displaced by drought and conflict in the Oromia and Somali regions.

Situation in Numbers

7.9 million* People in need of relief food/cash

50,111* Children in need of treatment for severe acute malnutrition

2.2 million* School-aged children, including adolescents, in need of emergency school feeding and learning material assistance

1.7 million** Internally displaced people in Ethiopia (64 per cent displaced due to conflict) 909,301** Registered refugees and asylum seekers in Ethiopia.

*2018 Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan for Ethiopia, March 2018

** Ethiopia: Conflict displacement situation report, January 2018, NDRMC and OCHA

** Ethiopia, refugee and asylum seekers (UNHCR, February 2018)

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

The Government of Ethiopia is appealing for US$1.66 billion to provide support in agriculture and livestock, education, emergency shelter and non-food items (NFI), food, health, nutrition, protection and water, and sanitation and hygiene for 7.9 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. Just under half of the target population are children. The Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP) was released on 13 March 2018. While the document focuses on the immediate response requirements for 2018, it also lays out the basis for a three-pillared model that will allow for further planning and development investments, in line with a disaster risk management approach.

On 10 March 2018, a security incident between the Ethiopian Defence Forces in Moyale led to the death of 10 civilians and the injury of several others. The incident led to the displacement of over 10,000 people across the border to Kenya. In Kenya, the Kenyan Red Cross has reported that 80 per cent of the displaced are women and children and that there are about 600 pregnant women among the 10,557 refugees, who are being provided with basic supplies including food and water. These figures are currently being validated by the Kenyan Refugee Affairs Secretariat and UNHCR. On 21 March, the Secretariat of the State of Emergency Command Post stated that the displaced residents of Moyale who fled to Kenya are returning home. The Government of Ethiopia also announced that the State of Emergency inquiry board will investigate the deaths of civilians. A joint mission to assess the humanitarian situation in Moyale town took place from 23 to 26 March. The team, led by UNOCHA, included WFP, UNICEF, UNHCR and UNDSS. The team was advised that essential services were disrupted immediately after the security incident; however, essential services are now operational. The team recommended to pre-position humanitarian supplies in order to immediately respond to any future needs.

Ethiopia continues to receive refugees and, as of 28 February 2018, 909,301 refugees were reported in Ethiopia. In the first two months of 2018, 15,097 refugees arrived in Ethiopia, including 7,202 in February. They include more than 10,700 from South Sudan and more than 3,700 from Eritrea.