UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #2 – Reporting Period February 2018
To scale up its response to conflict induced displacement, UNICEF Ethiopia has finalized a comprehensive, multi-sectoral-strategy to meet the immediate lifesaving needs of 500,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the Oromia and Somali regions.
UNICEF provided access to safe water to 176,000 conflict-affected IDPs in densely populated IDP sites in East and West Hararghe and Bale zones in Oromia region.
In advance of the launch of the Ethiopian Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan, UNOCHA has released Immediate Humanitarian Funding Priorities for 2018 amounting to US$242 million to address critical gaps in the humanitarian response. UNICEF’s 2018 humanitarian funding gap is US$86.5 million.
Recurrent attacks on the South Sudanese border continue to pose security threats to the delivery of services on bordering woredas (districts) in Ethiopia in the Nuer and Anuak zones.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
7.9 million * People in need of relief food/cash
350,111 * Children in need of treatment for severe acute malnutrition
2.2 million * School-aged children, including adolescents, in need of emergency school feeding and learning material assistance
1.7 million ** Internally displaced people in Ethiopia (64 per cent displaced due to conflict)
901,235 *** Registered refugees and asylum seekers in Ethiopia.
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
Current weather forecasts show that there is a high probability that the spring gu/genna rains will again be erratic or underperform in southern and southeastern Ethiopia leading to continued food insecurity and water shortages. If the rains fail, it will be the fourth consecutive year of inadequate rains in some of these areas. Global weather forecasts have identified Ethiopia as one of four countries at highest risk of La Niña, which will further extend the dry season. An estimated 7.9million people will need food and cash assistance in 2018. Malnutrition, disease outbreaks and internal displacement, aggravated by drought and conflict, are expected to remain risks throughout 2018.
Immediate life-saving assistance for conflict displaced populations around the border areas of Somali and Oromia regions needs to be urgently scaled up while partners participate in Government-led efforts to find durable solutions which include voluntary returns and resettlement or integration of IDPs into host communities.
Since January 2018, 7,895 refugees have arrived in Ethiopia. Refugees came mainly from South Sudan (5,960) and Eritrea (1,639), bringing the total number of refugees in Ethiopia to 901,235.
The Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team (EHCT) and the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC), in advance of the 2018 Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP), have launched an Immediate Humanitarian Funding Priority document requesting US$242.2 million for the next six months. The priorities identified include emergency education for 125,000 conflict-affected IDP children, continued outreach through Mobile Health and Nutrition Teams (MHNTs), measles vaccinations, support for Mobile Protection Teams, and water trucking and hygiene and sanitation efforts to prevent disease outbreaks.
On 15 February, Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn resigned. Immediately thereafter, the Government declared a six-month nationwide State of Emergency which was ratified by Parliament on 2 March as required by the constitution. A contingency plan to mitigate the impact of civil unrest on the delivery of development and humanitarian assistance has been finalized by UNICEF for four months.