Ethiopia + 1 more

UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #16 – Reporting Period 21 September – 5 October 2017

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published

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Highlights

  • Led by the Federal Government, humanitarian partners are working together to provide assistance to people displaced as a result of floods and inter communal clashes. Priority needs are emergency shelter, food, and safe water, sanitation and hygiene.

  • Nutrition data for July 2017 shows a 15 per cent decrease in the number of children admitted for treatment of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) across the country between June (32,042 admissions) and July (27,304 admissions). Nevertheless, severe acute malnutrition rates remain high, with Oromia and Somali regions continuing to experience the highest caseloads.

  • Since the beginning of 2017, the Gambella Regional Health Bureau with support from UNICEF, vaccinated 58,483 South Sudanese refugee children against polio and 52,626 refugee children against measles.

  • In the reporting period, UNICEF has received US$800,000 as an additional contribution from the Government of Canada towards critical humanitarian interventions.

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

Following the Kiremt rains, Meher production, starting in mid-October, is expected to be normal in most western and central areas of the country, leading to some improvements in the food security situation at household level in these areas. However, Fall Armyworm could still have a negative impact on production levels. Forecasts for the Deyr rains (October to December) in the lowland areas of the country have been revised with the probability that they will be below normal, with related impact on humanitarian needs. Seasonal assessments will be conducted in October – November and will inform humanitarian response planning for 2018.

Heavy rainfall in different parts of the country with flooding led to loss of life, damage to crops, schools and houses. An estimated 75,000 people have been affected by floods in Afar, Amhara, Gambella, Oromia, SNNP and Somali regions. The national flood taskforce is coordinating with regional authorities and humanitarian partners to identify and respond to needs.

In lowland areas, rains have been insufficient to recharge water sources leading to a continued need for water trucking, particularly in areas affected by AWD and areas with stabilization centres. Nationwide, there has been a decrease in the number of AWD cases with only Somali region experiencing an increase in the last two weeks. In addition, new woredas have reported cases but control efforts led by regional health bureaus continue to contain the spread. The recent large-scale population displacements in Somali and Oromia present an increased risk for AWD and other disease outbreaks, related to poor access to water and sanitation facilities. Rapid response teams from the health bureaus are closely monitoring the situation.

The government is leading the response for people affected by the recent inter-communal clashes along the Oromia-Somali regions border. Humanitarian partners have been requested to fill gaps in needs that include emergency shelter, food, health and water, sanitation and hygiene. Government and partners continue to respond to the flood and drought affected people.

Nutrition data for July shows a 15 per cent decrease nationally in the number of children admitted for treatment of SAM between June (32,042 admissions, with 90.7 per cent reporting rate) and July (27,304 admissions, with 86.7 per cent reporting rate). The July 2017 nutrition performance indicators (cure rate 88.6 per cent, death 0.4 per cent and defaulter rate 2 per cent) are all above international SPHERE standards1 . The total SAM admissions recorded between January and July 2017 (200,987) is 53.5 per cent of the projected HRD revised annual SAM caseload of 376,000. Despite the decrease,
SAM admissions remain high, with July 2017 admissions for Somali reflecting an increase of 210 per cent compared to July 2016. Preliminary SAM admission data for August indicates an increase in the number of admissions.

Ethiopia has continued to receive a large number of South Sudanese refugees in Gambella region, west of the country. As of 15 September, there are 405,405 South Sudanese refugees in the country, nearly 50 per cent of the total refugees in the country. The arrival of the 30,000 new refugees in the country in August and September has called for an urgent need for assistance, including shelter. Since January 2017, 66,211 South Sudanese refugees have arrived into the country.