UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #15 – Reporting Period 06 - 20 September 2017
Floods affected more than 53,000 people in Gambella and Oromia regions during the months of August and September. The Emergency Shelter/Non-Food Items (NFI) cluster reports a gap in NFIs to respond to the emergency. More than 300,000 people are at risk of flooding in the next few weeks as heavy rains are expected to continue.
Insecurity and localized conflicts on the border between Oromia and Somali regions have led to unconfirmed reports of large-scale displacement and impeded delivery of humanitarian services in a number of areas. The Regional Governments, supported by UN and partners, are leading the evacuation of at risk people, and registering displaced populations.
Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) cases continue to be reported from Afar, Amhara, Tigray and Oromia regions. With the ongoing rains, an increase in AWD cases is expected in Amhara, Benishangul-Gumuz, Oromia and SNNP regions.
UNICEF has a funding gap with regards to supporting the UNHCR and the Ethiopian Administration for Refugees and Returnees Affairs (ARRA) in the provision of basic services to some 25,000 South Sudanese refugees who arrived during the last two weeks of August 2017.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
8.5 million People in need of relief food assistance in the second half of 2017
376,000 Children in need of treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017
10.5 million Children in need of access to safe drinking water and sanitation services
1.9 million School-aged children in need of emergency school feeding and learning material assistance
852,721 Registered refugees in Ethiopia (UNHCR, August 2017)
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
Heavy rains in the central and western parts of the country led to floods affecting thousands of people in Oromia and Gambella regions.
In Oromia region, the Koka dam, situated around 100 kilometres from Addis Ababa, has reached its maximum water level and although a controlled release of water is taking place there’s a high flood risk in downstream areas of the dam. The National Flood Task Force, led by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC), has calculated that eight zones in Oromia and Afar regions are at high risk of flooding. About 310,000 people could be affected and more than 100,000 people could be displaced due to the overflow of the Awash River. Flooding has already taken place in the upstream areas of Koka dam, following the overflow of tributary rivers affecting nearly 35,000 people. The Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity (MoWIE) has deployed a team to Wonji area (East Shewa, Oromia region) to monitor the impact. Media alerts have been transmitted to residents in Adama, Fentale, Merti and Deju in Oromia and Amibara, Bure Mudaitu, Dulecha and Gewane woredas in Afar region. The National Flood Task Force has been meeting on a daily basis to closely monitor the flood situation, provide early warning and coordinate emergency response to affected areas. Rapid assessments are being prepared to identify the needs of the affected population and an operational plan has been developed.
In Somali region, floods were reported in Kelafo town along the Wabi Shebelle River. Assessments by regional authorities are ongoing to assess the impact and humanitarian needs. In Gambella region, heavy rainfall at the end of August 2017 led to floods that have displaced approximately 18,000 people.
Insecurity and localised conflicts on the border between Oromia and Somali regions that have intensified in the first half of September led to unconfirmed reports of large-scale displacement and impeded delivery of humanitarian services in woredas along the border of the two regions... The Government is coordinating the emergency response. The Emergency/Non-Food Item (NFI) Cluster has reported a critical gap to meet the needs of the existing displaced caseload as well as the immediate needs of the most vulnerable newly displaced people in the two regions.
Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) cases continue to be reported from Afar, Amhara, Tigray and Oromia regions mainly from religious sites and commercial farms that have poor sanitation facilities and limited access to clean water. Somali region also continues to report AWD cases although at a reduced rate. With the ongoing rains, increased numbers of AWD cases are expected in the coming weeks; particularly in Amhara, Benishangul-Gumuz, Oromia and SNNP regions.
Refugees continue to come into Ethiopia. As of end of August 2017, there were 852,721 refugees in the country, mainly from South Sudan (45.5 per cent), Somalia (29.6 per cent), Eritrea (19 per cent) and Sudan (5 per cent). In 2017, 72,890 new refugees have arrived in the country with over 44,000 from South Sudan, 17,000 from Eritrea and over 6,400 from Somalia. A multi-sector needs assessment of 2,700 South Sudanese refugees who arrived in South Omo zone in SNNPR was done at the beginning of September including a rapid assessment to determine the nutritional status of the children was conducted among 686 children 6-59 months. The findings showed a proxy Global Acute Malnutrition of 30.5 per cent - with 9.8 per cent children identified with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and 20.7 per cent identified with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM).