UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #14 – Reporting Period 22 August- 5 September 2017
The poor nutrition situation in Somali region continues with proxy Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) among children under 5 at 16.2 per cent - with Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM) 14.9 per cent and Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) 1.9 per cent. Figures from the latest Enhanced Outreach Strategy (EOS) also indicate MAM among pregnant and lactating women (PLW) at 39 per cent. This represents an increase from the last EOS of November 2016, when GAM among under 5s was 14.5 per cent and 30 per cent among PLW.
The incidence rate of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) has increased in the last four weeks because of a resurgence in Afar, Amhara and Tigray regions. Religious sites and large scale commercial farms registered the largest number of cases. In Somali region, the last two weeks has seen an increase in cases in Fafan, Dollo and Jarar Zones. Regional governments supported by partners including UNICEF and WHO, are leading integrated responses.
During the reporting period UNICEF Ethiopia received $3.9 million, from the Government of the United Kingdom and an additional $3.5 million from the European Commission to support the critical nutrition interventions. In addition, $120K was also received from the Luxembourg Committee for UNICEF to support priority humanitarian activities in the country.
Situation in Numbers
8.5 million People* require relief food assistance in the second half of 2017
376,000 Children* are expected to require treatment for SAM the second half of 2017
10.5 million People* require access to safe drinking water and sanitation services
1.9 million School-aged children* require emergency school feeding and learning materials assistance
847,232 Refugees in Ethiopia (UNHCR, July 2017)
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
The food security and nutrition situation in Afdher, Dollo, Korahey, Jarar, Shebelle, Erer, Nogob, Liban and Dawa zones of Somali region continues to be of concern. The results of the UNICEF-supported EOS campaign in Shebelle, Afdher,
Liban, Fafan, Sitti, Erer and Dawa zones, which was completed 5 August 2017, indicate a proxy GAM rate of 16.2 per cent among children under 5, with MAM 14.9 per cent (88,773 children) and SAM 1.9 per cent (11,655 children). 39 per cent (80,707) PLW screened for malnutrition were identified as suffering from MAM. This represents an increase from the last EOS results (November 2016), when GAM among U5 was 14.5 per cent and among PLW 30 per cent. The figures corroborate the programme data received from malnutrition treatment sites in recent months in the region and the consequent intensified nutrition response.
In Somali Region, the deepening water crisis in parts of the region (which is already the region most affected by the drought), has increased and prolonged the humanitarian crisis with an anticipated 1.2 million people remaining affected by water shortages. 46 woredas in Dollo, Korahey, and Jarar are still in need of emergency water supplies. Due to the heightening nutrition crisis in the region; water, hygiene, and sanitation needs are being prioritized for stabilization centres to support the nutrition response. In Oromia region, over 300,000 people continue to suffer from water shortages and require emergency water trucking services.
AWD cases continue to be reported from Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Somali and Tigray regions. The incidence rate of AWD has been increasing in the last four weeks due to a resurgence in Afar, Amhara and Tigray regions. Religious sites and large scale commercial farms registered the largest number of cases. In Amhara, North Gondar and South Wollo zones account for the majority of the caseload. In Somali region, following a significant decrease in the number of active cases as a result of the intensive multi-sectoral AWD response. The last two weeks has seen an increase in cases in Dollo,
Fafan and Jarar Zones.
In Gambella, UNHCR reported that due to the ongoing conflict in South Sudan, 13,622 individuals from South Sudan, with over 5000 head of cattle and 3000 goats, have temporarily settled in the Lare area. Due to the numbers of livestock, it has been agreed that the population will be registered as refugees and temporarily settled in Padmong, rather than relocated to Benishangul Gumuz. Registration is underway.
The amnesty period for irregular migrant workers to leave the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia voluntarily has ended. As of 5 September, only 77,000 of an estimated 500,000 Ethiopian irregular migrants have returned. IOM continues to lead coordination with the Government of Ethiopia to respond to new arrivals.