Ethiopia + 2 more

UNICEF Ethiopia Horn of Africa Crisis Situation Report #9



Ethiopia Drought Situation

・ Based on the number of admissions in the Therapeutic Feeding Programme sites, the nutrition situation in the six drought-affected regions is improving overall, although there are still zones/woredas within the regions with increased admissions. Preliminary data from Oromiya, Somali and SNNPR Regions indicates a slight decrease in the number of admission compared to July. This will be the third consecutive month where a decrease has been recorded.

・ Despite some sporadic rains in parts of Somali and Oromiya regions, the drought situation continues to deteriorate in Ethiopia’s lowland pastoral areas. Several interagency assessments conducted in August confirmed that the main areas of concerns are Borena, Guji, Bale and West Hararghe zones of Oromiya Region, Shilabo, Dollabay, Gode and Korahe zones in Somali Region, Belg dependent parts of Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s (SNNPR), and a few pockets in Tigray and Afar regions.

Somali Refugee Situation

・ According to UNHCR data, August witnessed a decrease in the number of Somali refugee arriving in Dollo Ado; from a daily average of 640 people in July (total arrivals in July 19,000) to 115 in August (total 3,450). As of mid-September, the total number of the Somali refugee population in the four Dollo Ado camps as well as in the transit center stands at 121,279.

・ Despite an intensive response effort, the mortality rate remained high throughout August, particularly in Kobe camp. During the first week of September, UNHCR reported a significant drop in crude mortality rate from 3.9 per 10,000 per day during the third week of August to 2.0 per 10,000 per day. This is still above the emergency threshold of 1 per 10,000 per day. Data for under-five mortality is not available.

・ UNICEF has deployed a second Mobile Health and Nutrition Team for Kobe to scale up outreach activities, active case finding and health referrals. The first MHNT deployed in Kobe started its activities with polio vaccination and MUAC screening of children 0-5years. More than 700 children were vaccinated, 116 households were visited and all children (201) under five were screened. SAM was found in 30% of children were found SAM; 11 severe cases were referred to the health center and the stabilization center. 16 patients with diarrhea received treatment at home and more than 102 adults received essential hygiene and sanitation promotion messages.

Sudanese Refugee Situation

・ An estimated 20,000 refugees have crossed into the Beni Shangul Gumuz region of Ethiopia due to fighting in the Blue Nile Region of Sudan. Most are staying in communities on the border. UNICEF provided 10 water bladders with a capacity of 52,000 litres for different refugee sites. Water trucking to fill the bladders has been arranged with the local authorities. A total of 250,000 sachets of Water PUR chemical were also provided to UNHCR to distribute to refugees in the various sites. UNHCR is cooperating with IRC to undertake the distribution. In addition, four Emergency Drug Kits were delivered to the region. UNHCR received one kit for the Sherkoli health centre, and the Regional health Bureau received three kits for the Sherkoli, Guba and Kurmuk health centres that serve the host communities as well as the refugees who are residing there.