Every day, 13.2 million litres of water are supplied across the refugee-hosting regions in Ethiopia, representing an average per capita distribution of 19 litres of water per person per day (lppd).
12 of the 26 refugee camps have achieved the minimum standard of 20 litres of water person per day (lppd); 11 camps receive between 15 and 20 lppd while 3 camps receive less than 15 lppd
On average, 30% of all refugee house-holds own a latrine while the rest use shared family latrines. 18 of the 26 camps have met the minimum standard of ‘maximum of 20 persons per latrine’ while 8 camps are still below the minimum standards.
Since August 2018, Nguenyyiel refugee camp has been connected to a permanent water supply system eliminating the need for water trucking in Gmabella’s newest camp. Two additional boreholes were drilled in Itang to boost the water supply. 987 household latrines were constructed in camps in the Gambella region and this has slightly improved the sanitation situation and brought the overage for families with household latrines to 34%.
Water supply was provided predominantly by water trucking in Aw-barre and Sheder camps, near Jijiga, due to recurrent problems with surface pumps. Refugees in Aw-barre camp still receive only 15 litres/person/day.
The crude ratio of number of persons per latrine remains high in Melkakida at over 40 persons/ latrine. Some camps were affected by a recent flooding in the area which hampered the ongoing construction of additional latrines.
In Benishangul-Gumuz Region, one borehole has been drilled at Homosha woreda and fitted with a solar pumping system. Drilling of one borehole is ongoing at Bambasi camp while 2.7km of pipes have been laid to Tongo refugee reservoir site. 60 house-hold latrines were constructed in Sherkole and Tsore camps.