On November 4, 2020 simmering tensions between the federal government and the leadership of the northern Tigray region exploded into military confrontation. Following the armed clashes, a six-month state of emergency with a law-enforcement operation was declared by the federal government, and a large- scale humanitarian crisis ensued with a surge of internally displaced persons and movement of refugees into neighboring countries. Despite the announcement of an official end to military operations on November 28, 2020, continued confrontations and insecurity persisted across Tigray, Afar, and Amhara regions with significant impact on the safety and protection of civilians.
The unfettered access granted by the Federal Government on March 3, 2021 to humanitarian actors operating in the area notwithstanding, on-going clashes and restricted movement - particularly to remote rural areas - has severely limited partners’ capacity and availability to reach those most in need across large parts of the Tigray region. Nearly 6 months of conflict has resulted in about 1.7 million1 people internally displaced and widespread damage in health facilities and basic services, leaving 4.5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. Armed conflict and intercommunal violence remain a critical concern across Ethiopia, from Tigray, to Benishangul Gumuz, to Oromia and Amhara regions. All of this is happening in a context where Ethiopia is faced with over 252,2792 COVID-19 cases as of April 26, 2021 with a severe socioeconomic impact, compounded by recurrent climate-related shocks such as floods and droughts, intercommunal conflicts and an alarming deterioration of the food security situation across the country.