Response to Internal Displacement in Ethiopia Fact Sheet - January to March 2022


  1. Provide quality protection support and services to Internally displaced persons (IDPs).

  2. Address basic needs of IDPs through shelter, core relief items and camp management activities enhancing their protection.

  3. Support IDPs in achieving a durable solution of their choice to their displacement.

Ethiopia continues to face a massive chronic displacement situation fused by layers of new forced population movements throughout the country due to conflict, inter-communal violence, natural hazards, and impacts of climate change notably in southeast Oromia, Benishangul Gumuz and Somali regions. At the same time, IDP returns have been recently recorded in parts of Amhara, Tigray, and Somali regions.

As of March 2022, an estimated 5,582,000 persons were displaced within the country due to armed conflict and natural disasters, while some 2,848,0001 IDPs, in Amhara, Afar and Tigray regions, have returned to their place of origin in the first quarter of 2022, seeking durable solutions.

Despite the ongoing access challenges due to insecurity constituting a major impediment to relief operations, UNHCR continues to play significant role, including leading the process of IDP returns in Tigray, Afar, Amhara and Somali Regions. Support included provision of quality protection and services to IDPs, addressing their basic needs through shelter, core relief items (CRI) and camp management (CCCM) activities, to enhance protection and assistance in achieving a durable solution. Over the first quarter of 2022, UNHCR interven-tions, implemented with our partners and in close coordination with authorities, have reached 2.1 million people with protection services, shelter and core relief support.

Legal support in nine of Ethiopia's regions including Afar, Amhara, Benishangul Gumuz, Dire Dawa, Gambella, Oromia, SNNPR, Somali and Tigray.

While remaining in situations of protracted displacement, many IDPs and other vulnerable populations face inequality particularly in access to basic services, Housing, Land, and Property (HLP) (access to documentation, right to justice), as well as restrictions of their freedom of movement.