Ethiopia

Rapid Gender Analysis: Research Report, March 2016

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Background: Drought, worsened by the effects of El-Nino is having a devastating impact on the lives and livelihoods of Ethiopians, and according to the Government and the inter-agency mid-Meher and Meher seasonal assessments, the number of people that will require food assistance in 2016 increased from 8.2 million in October 2015 to 10.2 million in December 2015, making Ethiopia home to the largest acutely food insecure population in the world. Recognising that crisis can further exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and gender norms, CARE Ethiopia sought to better understand the gender dynamics at the household and community level in order to improve the design of its interventions and build on the strengths and capacities of drought affected households. To help achieve this aim, CARE developed a bespoke participatory Rapid Gender Assessment (RGA) approach, allowing for a diverse group of staff to collect information quickly from a sample of affected communities in zones of East Hararghe, West Hararghe, South Gondar and Afar. The RGA focused on the existence and impact of any changing gender dynamics in drought affected households and communities.

Purpose: To learn, explore and better understand the gender dynamics within the populations which CARE Ethiopia serves in the face of the current emergency context of El Niño and drought.
Objectives: To better understand and identify:

• how women, men, girls and boys are affected by the drought,

• the different coping strategies these groups are using to address the drought situation,

• the impact of the drought on gender dynamics and gender norms in these communities,

• emerging opportunities to shift rigid gender and social norms.
Goal: To increase the capacity of CARE Ethiopia (and its partner’s) in exploring the realities faced by drought impacted households and design impact driven participatory emergency response interventions.

Methodology: CARE Ethiopia Emergency Field Staff conducted:

• Focus group discussions with picture codes • Transect walk / Resource mapping

Picture Codes: this is a qualitative tool that allows women, boys, girls and men to easily relate to situations that pictures represent, and tell their reality as they live it and remember. This tool was applied in Focus Group Discussions (FGD), held with men, women, boys and girls in separate groups to help stimulate discussions, in a safe space, about how the drought has affected them; how they faced the situation (coping mechanisms); and to identify any emerging or changing social norms and opportunities.